Rocky Boy Tribe
Chippewa Indians of
They are not related to the Anishinabe people but they spoke an Algonquian language distinct from Anishinabe. Their original homeland was located primarily in Massachusetts. Some may have been friendly towards the whites after the white invaders invaded but that quickly changed after the Anishinabe soldiers forced their way into their homeland to defend Indian land against the white invaders. The Pocumtuck were eventually brought under Anishinabe control in the 17th century. Many were forced to leave their original homeland by both the Anishinabe people (they wanted to protect them), or by the white invaders (they wanted to exterminate them), for new homes in Wisconsin. From there, the Pocumtuck people commenced an exodus with the Anishinabe people and other non Algonquian Indians, towards the west and southwest. A great many fled to Mexico.
Anyway, a large group of Pocumtuck and Anishinabek migrated into Texas and Mexico with all other Anishinabek. Today, there is one Pocumtuck and Anishinabe Reservation in west Texas, near Eagle Pass. There is another Pocumtuck and Anishinabe Reservation in the Mexican State of Coahuila, near the town of Muzquiz, Coahuila. It's settlements are named Nacimiento de los Indios. About 5 miles away is the other Anishinabe (Seminole) settlement named Nacimiento de los Negros. It is thus named because many of the Seminole living at Nacimiento de los Negros, are black. The Anishinabe Coahuila Reservation covers 17,352 acres. There is another Pocumtuck and Anishinabe Reservation located in the Mexican State of Durango. Historically, they claim the Anishinabe Durango Reservation was eliminated but that is likely fabricated. The Anishinabe Durango Reservation is probably located in eastern Durango, east of the large Mexican city of Durango. It also covers 17,352 acres. Another Anishinabe Coahuila Reservation was established near Zaragoza, Coahuila. It covers over 78,000 acres. They also claim that the Reservation was eliminated but that is fabricated. It is either located about 30 miles south of the large Mexican city of Torreon, near the Zaragoza, Coahuila there, which is very near the Durango border, or it is located between Morelos and Zaragoza, Coahuila, which is very near Nacimiento.
There is also another Pocumtuck and Anishinabe Mexican Reservation in the Mexican State of Sonora. It may cover over 29,000 acres, or it covers 238,000 acres. According to Martin J. Bentley who was an attourney for the Kickapoo Anishinabek and all other Anishinabe people of the Kansas-Oklahoma region, the Anishinabe Reservation in Sonora, Mexico covered 238,000 acres and was located in an enormous basin which was practically fenced in. It does and does not, resemble the Anishinabe Tamichopa Reservation in northeastern Sonora. It more resembles the entire Mexican State of Chihuahua which is covered by a vast basin and is surrounded by mountains. At the present time the Anishinabe people of Sonora, Mexico are still clinging on to their Anishinabe identity. Their Sonora Reservation is located about 70 miles south of the United States border.
After their Reservation was established in Sonora, it was reduced in size then increased in size by two Presidents of Mexico in the 20th century. Besides Tamichopa, other Anishinabe settlements in Sonora include Bacerac and Huachinera, as well as probably a couple of others. However, most of the citizens living in those settlements have lost their Anishinabe identity, excepting those at Tamichopa. Tamichopa has a current population of near 100 Anishinabe people who are clinging on to their Anishinabe identity. Throughout the tiny valley, from Huachinera to a few miles north of Bacerac, are many a farm. The valley is almost completely surrounded by mountains some of which are higher than 7,000 feet in elevation. There may be up to 10,000 to 15,000 people living on the Reservation. In Coahuila, the population of the two Anishinabe settlements is probably between 3,000 and 4,000. In reality, all of northern Mexico is an Anishinabe Reservation which was set aside by the whites during or after the 1910-1920 Mexican Civil War. However, through treaty agreements the Anishinabe people were forced to speak Spanish and then were forced to lose their Anishinabe identity. However, as we know from the Anishinabe Reservations in Coahuila and Sonora, there are still several thousand Mexican Anishinabe people clinging on to their Anishinabe Nationality.