Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Through linguistics proof, the people in northwestern California known as the Wappo, are obviously Algonquin. The Yuki are closely related to the Wappo Tribe of California. After the Chippewa's became aware of the Seven Fires Prophecy, they eventually migrated towards the west. This happened long before the whites invaded the America's. Many settled in the north of California where they subjugated the non Algonquin Tribes of northern California. The Chippewa's mixed their culture and language with that of the non Algonquin Tribes they subjugated. Thus, the reason for the language relationship. Click here to see a list of Algonquian speaking Tribes. Included are the Yuki including the Wappo. Supposedly the Wappo and Yuki speak Penutian languages. If that's true, it means all Penutian people are mixed Algonquin and non Algonquin. The California city of Ukiah, is named after the Yuki Indians. The Wappo Indians lived as far south as Napa, California and probably even to San Pablo Bay which is an extension of San Francisco Bay. The valley between Calistoga to Napa, is Wappo Territory. And their territory extended up to the southern shores of Clear Lake. Wappo and Yuki Territory extended north of Ukiah, California. Around them are the Algonquin Wiyot and Yurok and the Algonquin Athabascan People or Dene People, of northwestern California.
In the 1850s, the Wappo and Yuki fought the white invaders using primitive weapons. They suffered much higher casualties than the whites because of the disadvantage in weapons. In the early 20th century, the government of the United States had no choice but to negotiate with these Chippewa People. They had raised money up and purchased land throughout northern California. The United States did the right thing and recognized these small land holdings of the California Chippewa's and protected them by assigning their land holdings as Rancherias. They even purchased land for the Indians to increase their land holdings. However, when the Chippewa's Hill 57 Colony or Rancheria adjacent to Great Falls, Montana, was Terminated on August 18, 1950, it signaled an end of cooperation. On August 18, 1958, the United States passed the California Indian Rancheria Act. It Terminated 41 California Indian Rancherias. Wappo People lived on almost all California Indian Rancherias in northern California. They continue to do so now. Their population is not correctly known.