Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories
This settlement is located in the Northwest Territories, but more properly the Gwich'in Nation. The settlement covers an area of 53 sq. km. Fort McPherson is located just south of Inuvik. The climate of the McKenzie River Delta region, is one in which long cold winters occur every year, and has three mild spring like months which can rightfully be called summers. Fort McPherson's population is 776. Non Indians make up 65 out of the total population of 776. Anishinabe Indians, Athabascan Indians, and Inuit Indians all live in the small settlement. There is a total of 265 housing units in the settlement, which gives Fort McPherson an average household size of around 2.9 persons per housing unit. However, knowing how native settlements differ from white settlements, it is very likely that Fort McPherson's average household size is closer to 7.0 to over 8.0 persons per housing unit. If that's the case, the population of Fort McPherson must be much larger than claimed. It could be over 1,500.
Historically, the settlement can trace its roots back to the late 18th century after the whites commenced to invade that region. The whites commenced to barter with the Athabascan and Inuit Indians to the great dismay of the Anishinabe people who warned them about the whites. After the whites commenced to barter with the Athabascan and Inuit Indians, they commenced to use the trade products to launch devastating plague warfare assaults on them. In the matter of a few short decades, the Athabascan and Inuit population had been decimated by about 90%. In all likelihood, the Anishinabe people are the most numerous Indians of the Northwest Territories. They had been warned by the Seven Fires Prophecy that the invading whites would be responsible for new diseases which would completely decimate Indian populations. They took measures to defend themselves, while the Athabascan and Inuit Indians, did not. Below are several links to photographs of Fort McPherson, Gwich'in Nation. Just aerial photos. No road photos.