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Hill 57 (aka Mount Royal)


This location adjacent to Great Falls, Montana is fascinating. Below are links to photos of the small Ojibway community of Hill 57. It's situated adjacent to Mount Royal which also goes by Hill 57. From research, chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects were forced to leave a village or camp, some time after chief Rocky Boy's brother chief Crazy Boy (it may have been chief Rocky Boy) negotiated with Cascade County officials in December of 1921. He told them he had a Reservation selected yet needed permission to occupy it. They relocated to Hill 57 shortly after chief Crazy Boy negotiated for food and other necessities. By mid 1930's, 300 to 500 Ojibway's were living adjacent to Mount Royal and on top of Mount Royal. They also lived on Smelter Hill or alongside Wiremill Road. In 1934, American leaders were preparing funds to purchase a tract of land (land in compact form to allott land to Ojibway families) for chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects around Great Falls. After whites living in Great Falls heard an Ojibway Reservation would be set aside, they complained bitterly. In September 1941, Raymond Gray did a census of Ojibway People living around Great Falls in Ojibway villages and reported their population was either 278 or 162 families. His census is corrupted! Gray included outsiders or people not a part of chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects. Chief Rocky Boy would have considered that a violation.



In 1914, they reported in a Montana newspaper, that chief Rocky Boy was headquarted in Great Falls with 700 of his Ojibway Subjects. Their population obviously increased in the following 27 years. By 1941, their population was 2,000 to 3,000 in the Great Falls region. Gray's census was conducted to conceal chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects correct population or exclude many of chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects. Including other Ojibway villages near Great Falls (Gilman near Augusta and one near Choteau) and a possible Ojibway village south of Great Falls (it was possibly located a few miles north of Mount Royal alongside Stukey Road), has to be addressed. Gray's census did provide details on where Ojibway villages were located near Great Falls. This land included Mount Royal and land adjacent to Mount Royal's east, to Wire Mill Road, and adjacent to Mount Royal's west, possibly to Wadsworth Park. According to Gray, Hill 57 had 37 families; Mount Royal had 11 families; Smelter Hill or Wire Mill Road had 8 families and Westside Village also had 8 families. That's 64 families. However, Gray did not include all Ojibway's. He included Little Shell Ojibway's (they are native to North Dakota) and metis or mixed bloods. Chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects were native to the Great Falls region. That's the issue! Gray's 1941 census is very corrupt.



In 1934, the Indian Reorganization Act was passed. Superintendent Earl Woolridge recommended adding 80,000 acres or 32,375 hectares, to Rocky Boy's Reservation. And we know Rocky Boy's Reservation is adjacent to Great Falls. In 1913 and 1914, they reported that chief Rocky Boy's reservation was 2 townships. One reported it was to be located at Blackfeet Reservation yet chief Rocky Boy already had a Reservation at Blackfeet Reservation. An interesting bit of information from 1914, puts this puzzle together. It was reported that "Rocky Boy's Will Not Go To War," in newspapers. Rocky Boy offered to remain neutral during the European war. Why would he indicate that conflict when the Mexican Civil War was going on? It went on to read: as a result of Secretary Lane's efforts to secure some land for them. Per their agreements, chief Rocky Boy agreed to become neutral and the United States set aside chief Rocky Boy's Reservation adjacent to Great Falls. So chief Rocky Boy was involved in Mexico's Civil War! He certainly was not involved in Europes war. So we now know why chief Rocky Boy relocated to Great Falls in August 1914. His Reservation was 133 sq. mi. (85,120 acres or 34,447 hectares) or 344.4 sq. km. in size. I suspect they were up to no good in 1934 and after or instead of giving them land, they did a complete opposite! Below is an excerpt from the September 26, 1914 Tacoma Times news article about chief Rocky Boy agreeing to become neutral in the conflict! There's also a google earth map i drew depicting where chief Rocky Boy's Reservation may have been located in 1914. Denise Hortense was responsible for forcing Ojibway People to leave their villages and relocate to Great Falls. Hill 57 has a very small population at this time. Possibly 15 to 20 people live there.









Hill 57 From Road

Hill 57 From Road

Hill 57 From Road

Hill 57 From Road

Hill 57 From Road

Hill 57 From Road

Hill 57 From Road

Hill 57 From Road

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