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Hill 57 or Little Shell Hill (Twin Peaks)



Within the original Hill 57 (Twin Peaks) Rancheria, were several locations the Chippewa's were living at. A census was conducted by Raymond Gray in 1941 to determine how many Chippewa's lived at the Rancheria. Gray's census counted a total of 278 Chippewa's living in 5 different locations. Gray supposedly did not count the spouses in the census which means the population was higher than 278. Gray counted 68 families. That would mean another 136 Chippewa's should have been included in the census Gray conducted in September of 1941. Their population was around 414 in 1941. He recorded a total of 68 families living in the scattered settlements and that the 68 families lived in 53 households. Obviously the Chippewa families helped one another.



Hill 57

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Many of the families in those times had to take care of the elderly which obviously means the family sizes were larger then (the 1930s). Since there were discrepancies in the census of 1941, the population of the Rancheria was obviously closer to 400. The largest settlement was Twin Peaks (Ni-zho-day Kish-ka-di-nac in Anishinabe), with 37 families or between 160 and 222 people. At Little Shell Hill (Ses Es Kish-ka-di-na in Anishinabe), which is the top part of Twin Peaks which is a small plateau, 11 families lived or between 45 and 66 people. At Smelter Hill (Wire Mill Road) which is 2 miles east of Hill 57, lived 8 familes or between 32 and 48 people.



Wire Mill Road begins in Black Eagle (Ma-ka-day Mi-gi-zi in Anishinabe), about three blocks from the old Havre highway which is an extension of 10th street in Great Falls. They probably confined themselves to the more northerly part of what is now Black Eagle, or a little north of Black Eagle. The Chippewa's obviously had a settlement adjacent to Black Eagle Falls. Wire Mill Road leads north to Black Eagle Road and Rainbow Falls road. Just west of Great Falls and south of Twin Peaks, was another small settlement of 8 families with a population between 32 and 48 people. I don't know where that settlement was located. Another settlement was located in south Great Falls. However, it was not considered an enclave or ghetto. The other settlements were Indian settlements. Only Twin Peaks has a Chippewa population now. Around 8 to 10 families still live at Twin Peaks. Up until recently, some Chippewa's were still living on top of Little Shell Hill. There may be one family living there now.



From a population of probably near 400 or more in the mid 1950s, the Chippewa's Hill 57 Rancheria population is probably less than 20 at the present time. It was Denise Hortense Tolan who is responsible for this cowardly act. Today, the only Anishinabe people in Montana clinging on to their Anishinabe identity are the Hill 57 Chippewa's and the Black River and Swan Creek Chippewa's. However, there are still many Chippewa's on all Montana Reservations, clinging on to their Anishinabe identity. They are not organized that i know of.



Little Shell Mountain or Hill 57, is a small plateau. Like Square Butte and the many other Buttes in the Great Falls region. It is about 1 mile from south to north and from 6 to 8 blocks from east to west. It covers between 500 and 1,000 acres. It is anywhere from 150 feet to over 215 feet higher up than the city of Great Falls, excepting the north end where it levels out to join the prairie. The Hill 57 Chippewa settlement is located adjacent to the twin peaks. It is a good 215 feet lower in elevation. Very little remains of the Chippewa settlement on top of Little Shell Mountain or Hill 57. There may be one Chippewa family living there now. Below are several links to photographs of the Chippewa's 42 acre (it is really larger than 42 acres) Hill 57 or Twin Peaks, Rancheria. The first shows the shell indent between the twin peaks.



Demographics of the Hill 57 (Twin Peaks) Chippewa Rancheria or Settlement

Settlements

Twin Peaks: Population is between 10 and 20.

Little Shell Mountain or Hill 57: Population is ?

Covers between 500 acres and 1,000 acres. Though it was eradicated in 1950, it was done illegally!

Total population is between 10 and 20.





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Photo of the Shell Indent between Twin Peaks

Hill 57 From Above

Hill 57 From Above

Hill 57 From Above

Road Close Up

Road Close Up

Road Close Up (Twin Peaks)

Road Close Up (Left Twin Peak)

Road Close Up (Right Twin Peak)

Road Close Up

Twin Peaks Using Google Earth

Twin Peaks From Above Using Google Earth

Twin Peaks Using Google Earth


Little Shell Chippewa Blackfeet Reservation | Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation


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The Algonquian Conquest of the Mediterranean Region of 11,500 Years Ago




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