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Eastmain or Kachimumiskwanuch

Located along the southeastern shores of James Bay in Quebec, between Waskaganish and Wemindji, the Chippewa Treaty 9 Reservation settlement of Eastmain or Kachimumiskwanuch has a population of 688 according to the 2011 census. The community has 150 housing units and an average household size of 4.5 persons per housing unit. Around 615 continue to speak Anishinabe at Kachimumiskwanuch. After the white confederation of Europe invaded the Hudson Bay region in the 17th century, larger numbers of the military and police totem (the Chippewa's) were sent to the Kachimumiskwanuch region. The Anishinabe Nation was under military rule at the time. Many Odawah or Ottawa's also were sent to Eastmain or Kachimumiskwanuch. The Odawah were the merchant or trade totem of the Anishinabe Nation. Both the Chippewa's and Ottawa's make up the majority of the Eastmain or Kachimumiskwanuch population. Below is a link to a picture of the Chippewa Treaty 9 Reservation settlement of Kachimumiskwanuch.

Forced Relocation

In 1980, a suspicious event changed the lives of the Fort Severn and Chisasibi Anishinabek. They were forced to relocate. The Chisasibi from an island they claim was named Fort George. The island is actually situated in what appears to be a delta. It does look like an island but only so far as the river which separates it from the mainland. The distance between the island and the mainland is a fifth of a mile or about 1,000 feet. In James Bay are several large islands. And we know the Anishinabe people were infatuated with islands. The largest is Akimiski Island. It's width at it's widest point is 27 miles. It's length at it's greatest length is 61 miles. It covers 3,001 sq. km. or 1,158 sq. mi. And it is a turtle shaped island. Since historical evidence tell of a forced relocation from an island, all of the James Bay communities are involved. If the relocation did not involve any islands, the forced relocation probably involved the Chipewyan or Chippewan, of the interior of the north of Manitoba and the interior of Nunavut. That commenced in either the 1940s or 1950s. The following communities are likely related to the forced relocations which probably commenced in the 1940s and continued up to the 1980s:



Chapleau 74A

Chapleau 75


Eastmain or Kachimumiskwanuch

Fort Albany

Fort Severn




Moose Factory

New Brunswick House


Taykwa Tagamou





York Landing

Though the whites have been up front about the forced relocations which include the forced relocation of the Chipewyan or Chippewan, from the interior of the north of Manitoba and the interior of Nunavut, the forced relocation from an island in James Bay is the one being carefully ignored. And the forced relocation of the York Factory Anishinabek to York Landing is definitely related. That commenced in 1957 or near the same time as the forced relocation of the Chippewan from the interior of the north of Manitoba and interior Nunavut, to the coastal sellements along Hudson Bay. So the actual time the forced relocations from Akimiski Island commenced, was either 1957 or shortly before. Below is a google earth photo of the turtle shaped island of Akimiski.

Photo of Kachimumiskwanuch

Photo of Akimiski Island

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