It is one of the many communities of the Black Hills Indian Reservation. Mesa Grande is located in the mountains about 3 to 4 miles north and northeast of Lake Sutherland. It is also over 2 miles north of the small community of Witch Creek, California which is located adjacent to Highway 78. The population of Mesa Grande is small. According to the 2000 census, 75 people lived at Mesa Grande. Indians account for 60 of the population of 75. Mexicans account for 23 of the isolated community's population. Supposedly the 2010 census reported a population of 180 which is mysterious. Black Canyon Road leads up from Lake Sutherland Dam, northeast to the northern part of Mesa Grande. It is not a settlement but a widely spread out community which is very rural. It supposedly snows there during the winter which means the area is near the snow line. Lake Henshaw is a little over 3 miles to the north. Elevation is 3,330 feet above sea level. Below is a google earth photo of Mesa Grande.