Anishinabe
History


Rocky Boy Tribe
of
Chippewa Indians of
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Reliance, Northwest Territories


This settlement is located in the Northwest Territories, but more properly, the Akaitcho Nation. The settlement covers an area of 119 sq. km. Reliance is located on the eastern end of huge Great Slave Lake. It is also known as Fort Reliance. The small settlement is located on a peninsula extending southwest into huge Great Slave Lake. The climate of the region, is one in which long cold winters occur every year, and has around two mild summer months which are a few degrees cooler than locations which are further away from huge Great Slave Lake. With water surrounding the tiny settlement, it dramatically cools the settlement to a degree where almost no summer like weather exists. East of the location, well away from huge Great Slave Lake, the climate conditions obviously warm up during the summer months. Reliance's population is officially 10, but could be between 75 and 100. Anishinabe Indians and Athabascan Indians, live in the small settlement. Officially there are two housing units in Reliance, but using google earth i counted more than 20 housing units. Reliance's average household size would be 5.0 persons per housing unit if the population is in fact 10, and there are only two housing units. However, knowing how native settlements differ from white settlements, it is very likely that Reliance's average household size is closer to 7.0 to over 8.0 persons per housing unit. If that's the case, the population of Reliance must be much larger than claimed. It could be between 150 and 200, if all those building i counted using google earth, are presently occupied.



Historically, the settlement can trace its roots back to the late 18th century after the whites commenced to invade that region. The whites commenced to barter with the Athabascan and Inuit Indians to the great dismay of the Anishinabe people who warned them about the whites. After the whites commenced to barter with the Athabascan and Inuit Indians, they commenced to use the trade products to launch devastating plague warfare assaults on them. In the matter of a few short decades, the Athabascan and Inuit population had been decimated by about 90%. In all likelihood, the Anishinabe people are the most numerous Indians of the Northwest Territories. They had been warned by the Seven Fires Prophecy that the invading whites would be responsible for new diseases which would completely decimate Indian populations. They took measures to defend themselves, while the Athabascan and Inuit Indians, did not. Below are several links to photographs of Reliance, Akaitcho Nation.









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