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Located in far northeastern Manitoba, far from any white settlements, is the Chippewa Treaty 9 Reservation settlement of Shamattawa. Latest population estimate (2006) puts the population of shamattawa at 920. There are 179 housing units in the settlement with 155 occupied at the present time. That gives this Chippewa community a 6.0 persons per housing unit average which is not out of the normal for Chippewa settlements. The Anishinabe language is doing very well at this settlement with 720 people still speaking Anishinabe. Around 545 people there use Anishinabe as the main language. There are around 10 non Indians living in the settlement. Shamattawa is probably related to the Ojibway's who were forced to relocate from Akimiski Island. It was established as a permanent settlement after York Factory closed in 1957. Below is a link to a picture of the Chippewa Treaty 9 Reservation settlement of Shamattawa.

Forced Relocation

In 1980, a suspicious event changed the lives of the Fort Severn and Chisasibi Anishinabek. They were forced to relocate. The Chisasibi from an island they claim was named Fort George. The island is actually situated in what appears to be a delta. It does look like an island but only so far as the river which separates it from the mainland. The distance between the island and the mainland is a fifth of a mile or about 1,000 feet. In James Bay are several large islands. And we know the Anishinabe people were infatuated with islands. The largest is Akimiski Island. It's width at it's widest point is 27 miles. It's length at it's greatest length is 61 miles. It covers 3,001 sq. km. or 1,158 sq. mi. And it is a turtle shaped island. Since historical evidence tell of a forced relocation from an island, all of the James Bay communities are involved. If the relocation did not involve any islands, the forced relocation probably involved the Chipewyan or Chippewan, of the interior of the north of Manitoba and the interior of Nunavut. That commenced in either the 1940s or 1950s. The following communities are likely related to the forced relocations which probably commenced in the 1940s and continued up to the 1980s:



Chapleau 74A

Chapleau 75


Eastmain or Kachimumiskwanuch

Fort Albany

Fort Severn




Moose Factory

New Brunswick House


Taykwa Tagamou





York Landing

Though the whites have been up front about the forced relocations which include the forced relocation of the Chipewyan or Chippewan, from the interior of the north of Manitoba and the interior of Nunavut, the forced relocation from an island in James Bay is the one being carefully ignored. And the forced relocation of the York Factory Anishinabek to York Landing is definitely related. That commenced in 1957 or near the same time as the forced relocation of the Chippewan from the interior of the north of Manitoba and interior Nunavut, to the coastal sellements along Hudson Bay. So the actual time the forced relocations from Akimiski Island commenced, was either 1957 or shortly before. Below is a google earth photo of the turtle shaped island of Akimiski.

Shamattawa Full Photograph From Above

Photo of Akimiski Island

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