Sigganock, Isabella Reservation
Located on the Chippewa Isabella Reservation in central Michigan, is the Chippewa settlement of Sigganock, which is another pronunciation of Saginaw. In the 1850s, the United States set aside six townships (138,240 acres) for the Black River and Swan Creek Chippewa's (they are the Indians who left on the Trail of Tears in 1838-1839 - no Cherokee went on the Trail of Tears), who were suppose to assimilate into white society but refused. Over the years and principly as a result of the illicit 1887 Dawes Act, the Isabella Reservation is only a fraction of its former size. Chippewa Township is only one of the six townships set aside for the Saginaw Chippewa's. You can tell by looking on the map of Chippewa Township that very little land is left to the Saginaw Chippewa's. Anyway, it is the one township left which supports a large Chippewa population. The Chippewa Sigganock settlement has around 250 housing units and several businesses, including the tribally owned casino. The population of sigganock is probably close to 750, including mixed bloods. Chippewa's and mixed bloods, make up 18% of Chippewa Townships population of over 4,600. Sigganock is only about a mile or two from the city of Mount Pleasant which lies partially on the Chippewa's Isabella Reservation. Many of the Black River and Swan Creek Chippewa's who left on the 1838-1839 Trail of Tears, migrated up to Montana, where they still live. The Montana Black River and Swan Creek Chippewa's, are currently a non federally recognized tribe. They are also not recognized by the State of Montana. Below are several links to pictures of the Chippewa Township and the Chippewa settlement of Sigganock. When you look at the first map which is of Chippewa Township, you'll notice a huge area of forests.