Wounded Knee, Pine Ridge Reservation
One of several settlements located on the Pine Ridge Reservation of South Dakota, Wounded Knee had a population of 328 according to the 2000 census. It is located in Shannon County. The CDP or census designated place of Wounded Knee, has 56 housing units which gives the cdp an average household size of nearly 6.5 persons per housing unit. Native Americans accounted for 98% of the cdp's population. Whites accounted for 1% of the population. Economically, the cdp of Wounded Knee is doing very poorly. Around 81% of the citizens of Wounded Knee live below the poverty line. The cdp covers an area of 1.1 sq. mi. Elevation is 3,235 feet above sea level. Zip code is 57794. Below are several links to photographs of the Anishinabe-Dakota settlement of Wounded Knee, Pine Ridge Reservation.
Wounded Knee is the location of the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre. Ogima Big Foot or Spotted Elk, led a group of possibly as many as 300 Anishinabek from the Standing Rock Reservation to the Pine Ridge Reservation. He was going to speak with ogima Red Cloud about the eradication of the Great Sioux Reservation and commence an Anishinabe Exodus off the Pine Ridge Reservation. He either was going straight to the south towards Mexico, or he was going to turn westwards and head toward the California region. The Ghost Dance had nothing to do with the Wounded Knee Massacre. Originally, ogima Sitting Bull was going to lead the exodus but the whites had him assassinated by a white Indian. That is when ogima Big Foot or Spotted Elk took over.