Anishinabe
History


Rocky Boy Tribe
of
Chippewa Indians of
Montana








Abitibi First Nation


Located adjacent to large Lake Abitibi, is an Ojibway First Nation known as Abitibi First Nation. In Ojibway, Abitibi supposedly means "middle waters." Instead of using "ni-bi" which is an Ojibway word for water, they only used that second syllable or "bi" to signify water. It's also pronounced as "A-bi-ta-bi." In 1972, they decided to establish two communities. One at Lake Abitibi and another near Amos, Quebec. Abitibi First Nation is a small Reserve covering 78.74 sq. km. or 30.4 sq. mi. Their Reserves only community is located nearly 9 kilometers or over 5 miles southwest of Lake Abitibi. On June 7, 1906 their leaders signed Treaty 9 at Lake Abitibi, in Quebec. Apparently some kind of predicament followed because Treaty 9 was intended only for Ojibway People in Ontario yet much of Abitibi Territory was in Quebec. These Ojibway Peoples district extended to James Bay centuries ago. They used Abitibi River to reach James Bay. Their district extended east to central Quebec, where O-bed-jiw-an is located. To their west, their district extended well past Timmins, Ontario. Lake Nipissing was possibly their districts southern boundary. However, Lake Abitibi was their main location. Ojibway fishermen considered Lake Abitibi very important. So did white and Eskimo invaders. In 1686, Ojibway Soldiers intensified their campaign against English, Eskimos and French who had established forts along James Bay's coasts. Them whites and Eskimos, established a post at Lake Abitibi in 1686. What followed was detachments of Ojibway Soldiers reinforcing Lake Abitibi to stop whites and Eskimos from James Bay, from invading further southwards. They also attacked and destroyed white forts along James Bays shores. That region (Lake Abitibi) was possibly colonized by Ojibway leader O-gi-ma Sa-gi-ma, during 16th century Ojibway expeditions to that region. His capital was possibly located at Obedjiwan in Quebec. Place your detectives at their community to spy on their leaders. I don't trust them. They are not looking out for best interests of Indians. Preordain early 20th century Ojibway Traditionalists, to retreat much further north. Indians are not going to survive as a race at Abitibi.



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