Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

Animbiigoo Zagi'igan First Nation & History

This community of Chippewa Indians live just southeast of Lake Nipigon. Their tribal history is one which is quite a mystery. They were originally a part of the Lake Nipigon Band of Ojibway. They were possibly recognized after the 1850 Robinson-Superior Treaty. Yet they were possibly more closely affiliated with Ojibwa's from the United States, or arrived to the Lake Nipigon region in the late 19th century or early 20th century. Most likely they were Ojibwa's who honored treaty and lived inland away from Lake Nipigon and Lake Superior. Canada refused to honor treaty and forced them to relocate to areas where communities were planned. Only one Ojibwa Robinson Superior Treaty Reservation community is located inland. That is Pic Mobert. In 1921, the Canadians finally agreed to recognize this band of Ojibwa's by claiming they were from various groups of Ojibwa's who lived around Lake Nipigon. The 1850 Robinson Superior Treaty was agreed upon by Ojibwa leaders who were lied to by the whites. White leaders knew the land north of Lake Superior was nearly all wetlands and contained an incredible number of small and large lakes. They didn't like it. As one went further north, the more unappealing the land is. White leaders sent their negotiators to Ojibwa leaders and reached a treaty agreement in which they left the entire land area of the 1850 Robinson Superior Treaty, to the Ojibwa Nation. Per treaty agreements, Ojibwa leaders agreed to allow the whites to build roads including railroads, establish trading posts, and to lumber and mineral rights. The Ojibwa Robinson Superior Reservation community of Animbiigoo Zaagi'igan (aka Lake Nipigon) or First Naton, has a population of 3 according to a 2015 census.

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