Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

English River First Nation

This band of Ojibway Indians live in far western northwestern Ontario, adjacent to Albany River. Their a community of the Ojibway's Treaty 1 Reserve. According to 2016's census, on-Reserve population of English River or Asubpeeschoseewagong, is 638. They have 223 total housing units with 198 lived in year round. Average household size is 3.3 persons per household. Only about 55 continue to speak Ojibway as the main language at home. Their tribal history involves chief Yellowquill. Most people who know about chief Yellowquill, think he originally lived at the Swan Lake Reserve in extreme southern Manitoba. That's incorrect. It's known that chief Yellowquill's sub-chiefs were from northwestern Ontario. That means chief Yellowquill was also possibly from northwestern Ontario. Their community is known as English River. It also goes by the name Asubpeeschowagong. They spell it like this in Ojibway: Asabiinyashkosiwagong. They did not sign Treaty 3. They are signatories to Treaty 1 under chief Yellowquill who the whites disliked. All numbered treaties after Treaty 1, are adhesions to Treaty 1. Though Albany River no longer extends all the way to Lake Winnipeg, it used to. At this coordination "516'3.27"N 92 2'41.81"W" Albany River had no obstacles in old times. Today is does. Back in the old days, Ojibway People considered Albany River to flow from James Bay to Lake Winnipeg. Wabaseemoong or White Dog, may have been where chief Yellowquill was from. The Whitedog community is located along an arm of Swan Lake. It's not located along Whitedog Lakes shores. This location was vital to the Ojibway Military during the wars against the English and their Eskimo allies. Adjacent to Albany River and close to Lake Winnipeg, it allowed Ojibway Soldiers to guard Lake Winnipeg and Albany River.

Albany River is the southern boundary of the Northern Ojibway's. Hayes River at these coordinations "572'30.29"N 9211'42.98"W" and "5342'44.38"N 9752'2.87"W" is the Northern boundary of the Northern Ojibways. That was understood by Ojibway leaders and white leaders in the 19th century. Chief Yellowquill was possibly the highest ranking Ojibway leader from James Bay to the Quill Lakes in Saskatchewan. He sent Ojibway Soldiers to Portage La Prairie, Manitoba in 1868-1869 to prevent Eskimos, mixed bloods and whites from expanding west until a treaty that was acceptable to the Ojibway Nation, was signed between the Ojibway Nation and Canada. Treaty 1 was signed on August 3, 1871 which ceded southern Manitoba to Canada and liberated Red River Colony from Ojibway rule. Chief Yellow Quill was the principle Ojibway leader. It's obvious because it's written in the August 3, 1871 Treaty, that all chiefs who signed the treaty received a buggy except chief Yellow Quill, and for the braves and councillors of each chief except chief Yellow Quill, a buggy was received. That's the white side of Treaty 1. Ojibway leaders knew exactly what the agreements were except those who were bought. Albany River was the southern boundary. Swan Lake in northwestern Ontario was the focal point of the agreements. It extends 12.5 miles or 20.1 kilometers, north to Albany River. Then there's the other Swan Lake in Manitoba which is 290 miles or 466.7 kilometers northwest of White Dog or Wabassim. Chief Yellow Quill was in charge of that location as well. In fact, all land north of Saskatchewan River, from York Factory at Hudson Bay to the Alberta/Saskatchewan border, was set aside for chief Yellow Quill's subjects. Correct name of this Ojibway Treaty 1 community is Asubpeeschoseewagong. However, it's of recent use. English River 21 Reserve is yet used quite frequently and is how you would find this easier online. Their community is located along the shores of Grassy Narrows Lake which is a rather small lake.

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