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Bigstone First Nation

Located in north central Alberta, the Anishinabe Bigstone First Nation has a total population of over 7,000 but the great majority of the citizens of this First Nation, live off-Reserve. The Reserve population is 2,696. There are six Reserves which make up the Bigstone First Nation. The first, and largest, is Wabasca 166 which covers 8,452 hectares or 20,885 acres, Wabasca 166D which covers 5,817 hectares or 14,374 acres, Wabasca 166C which covers 3,502 hectares or 8,653 acres, Wabasca 166B which covers 2,413 hectares or 5,962 acres, Wabasca 166A which covers 682 hectares or 1,685 acres, and Jean Baptiste Gambler 183 which covers 199 hectares or 491 acres. Total hectares is 21,065, while total acres is 52,052 acres. This Reserve is located in the Canadian wilderness. Ojibway soldiers probably brought this region under their control during the 1885 Northwest Rebellion. Most of the Anishinabe people of this Reserve probably stayed nuetral during the short 1885 conflict.

Large numbers of Montana Chippewa's fled up to the Cypress Hills region and further north after the Black Hills War. White historians claim it was the Dakota and Nez Perce who fled but it was really the Chippewa's who first fled to the west (read the Seven Fires Prophecy) into Idaho, Oregon, and Washington but the United States stopped the westward exodus, which resulted in 10,000s of Chippewa's and other Montana Indians, fleeing up to Alberta and Saskatchewan.

Most settled around the Cypress Hills but many others fled up further north to where the Saulteaux Reserves including the Moosomin, Thunderchild, and others are located and on in to central Saskatchewan. The whites did not want the large Indian population living around the Cypress Hills and forced many to relocate to eastern and northern Saskatchewan and even Manitoba, and obviously central and northern Alberta. They merged with the northern Ojibwa's or the Muskego or Muskegowuk which means Swampy People in Anishinabe. The whites commenced to calling the northern most Ojibwa's the Swampy Cree long ago. Both the Plains Cree and Woodland Cree are extensions of the northern most Ojibwa's or the Swampy People. Ogimak Big Bear and Sitting Bull, led them up to Canada. After 1900, ogmia Little Bear helped many landless Montana Chippewa's settle down on some Saskatchewan Reserves.


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