Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

Cold Lake First Nation

After Ojibway leaders became aware of a prophet that predicted future events, they followed prophecy. This happened about 1,000 years ago to 2,000 years ago. They reached Montana and settled. They were told to look for a turtle shaped island and food that grows on water and seven stopping places. They were warned about whites. After learning whites had invaded around 1500 or so, Ojibway leaders commenced to return east. According to 1832's Edinburgh Encyclopedia, detachments of Ojibway Soldiers and their families, were sent to Hudson Bay then Beaufort Sea. They gave rise to Athabascan People including Chipewyan and Cree People. That's how Chipewyan Ojibway's reached northern Canada in 16th century and 17th century. Centuries later more Ojibway's from Montana fled to Canada. Cold Lake First Nation is one of chief Big Bears many communities. After fleeing Montana in 1876, chief Big Bear and his Ojibway subjects, settled in Alberta's and Saskatchewan's Cypress Hills. He told white treaty negotiators in August or September of 1876, at Fort Carlton or Fort Pitt, he would sign treaty in 1877. However, he waited. His subjects eventually demanded that he sign treaty which he did in December of 1882. He led his subjects north of Fort Pitt, Saskatchewan and found many locations to settle at. One is Cold Lake. His son Little Bear, never fled to Canada. He stayed in Montana and helped American Soldiers fight his own people including his father. This Ojibway Kasba or Treaty 5 Reservation community of Cold Lake, has a population of 671 according to a 2016 census.

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