Anishinabe History

Ojibway Tribal Video News
(January 2019)

Eagle Lake First Nation

This band of Ojibway's live in far western northwestern Ontario, near Minnesota. Their tribal history probably involved many Anishinabek from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin fleeing to their land seeking asylum in the 19th century. Their ancestors signed Treaty 3 with Canada. In all likelihood, they did so with a belief that they were not ceding their land. Treaty 3 was first conceived in 1869 after Canada supposedly acquired the Northwest Territories and Ruperts Land, from Hudson Bay Company. It was an illegal transaction. That land was owned by Ojibwa Nation. In Northern Ontario, on out to Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and in British Columbia, Canada named these southern Canadian Ojibwa's, Saulteaux.

In 1869, whites living in southern Manitoba who had been subjugated by Ojibwa Nation since War of 1812, were causing trouble. Louis Riel was their main white troublemaker. Canada did not want trouble with Saulteaux People north of Lake Superior and desired land in southern Manitoba, far more than land north of Lake Superior. During negotiations between Ojibwa Nation and Canada, in 1869, Ojibwa leaders told Canadian representatives they would be willing to allow a right of way through their territory. Not in southern Manitoba. In northern Ontario north of Lake Superior. Canada wanted to liberate a white colony in southern Manitoba and Ojibwa leaders cleverly negotiated to allow Red River Colony to become independent, as long as all of land north of Treaty 3 land, remained Ojibwa. Both Treaty 1 and Treaty 2, are related very closely to Treaty 3. Saulteaux leaders allowed around 1,000 Canadian soldiers to travel through their land to reach Red River Colony. Little violence occurred during 1869-1870's Red River Rebellion, simply because whites of Red River Colony, selected to become a part of Canada.

Saulteaux leaders were content with how both Treaty 1 and Treaty 2, substantiated that Treaty 1 and Treaty 2 Saulteaux, were dealt with fairly. In other words, there was no need for war. They did agree to allow Canada to build canals, railroads, roads, and allow for government buildings to be constructed. Treaty 3 was signed on October 3, 1873. By signing Treaty 3, Saulteaux leaders agreed to both Treaty 1 and Treaty 2. Violence was avoided. Red River Colony was allowed to become independent. Population of this Ojibway Treaty 3 Reservation community of Eagle Lake or First Nation, is 224 according to 2016's census.

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