Fort Severn First Nation


This Ojibway Kasba Reservation settlement is located in extreme northwestern Ontario, about 6 miles from Hudson Bay. They are from Sachigo Sippi (River) Ojibway's. Partridge Island is between Fort Severn and Hudson Bay. When whites made first contact with natives of Fort Severn's region, they were from Ojibway's military and police totem. Fort Severn First Nation Ojibway's are note worthy for their Ojibway dialect known as Severn Dialect (aka Oji-Cree) of Ojibway Language. Ojibway Severn Dialect is spoken from northwestern Ontario, to northeastern Manitoba. It is probably closest dialect of Ojibway Language which was spoken in 1492. For an example, their word for sun is Pi-sim in Severn Ojibway. Further south, in other Ojibway dialects, it is Gi-zis. In Ojibway, Zis or Zez almost always represents something small or is a diminutive. So southern Ojibway word for sun Gi-zis, is obviously not correct. Correct Ojibway word for sun is obviously sim. According to a 2016 census, on-Reserve population of Fort Severn is 361. They have 100 dwellings with 81 lived in. Average household size is 4.6 persons per housing unit. Around 220 speak Corrupted Ojibway Language which is what Lewis and Clark called Cree Language. You'd think they'd speak Severn Ojibway yet they don't. They used to live further inland where Sachigo River merges with Severn River. They were forced to move to their current location in 1973. They did not take kindly to it. It was over 80 miles or 132 kilometers to their northeast. Ojibway Soldiers were sent to this location to reinforce Ojibway People already living there in mid or late 17th century, to fight English and Eskimo invaders. Today, people living at Fort Severn First Nation have much Eskimo blood, as a result of capturing many of them and absorbing them into their population.



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