Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Fort William First Nation
This community of Chippewa Indians live just south of Thunder Bay, Ontario. The Fort William First Nation tribal history probably includes many Anishinabek from Minnesota and Wisconsin, fleeing to their land in the 19th century, to escape from the whites. The Chippewa Indians of this location were very hostile towards the French and English, and probably killed more than a few of them. The 1850 Robinson Superior Treaty was agreed upon by Ojibwa leaders who were lied to by the whites. White leaders knew the land north of Lake Superior was nearly all wetlands and contained an incredible number of small and large lakes. They didn't like it. As one went further north, the more unappealing the land is. White leaders sent their negotiators to Ojibwa leaders and reached a treaty agreement in which they left the entire land area of the 1850 Robinson Superior Treaty, to the Ojibwa Nation. Per treaty agreements, Ojibwa leaders agreed to allow the whites to build roads including railroads, establish trading posts, and to lumber and mineral rights. To the west and northwest, small hills or mountains are scattered about the land where Fort William is located. The Ojibwa Robinson Superior Reservation community of Fort William or First Naton, has a population of 954 according to a 2015 census.