Garden River First Nation


This band of Ojibway's live in northern Ontario. Below are google earth photos of this Ojibway Town located 9.3 miles or 15.0 kilometers east of Saul Ste. Marie and a map of their Reserve which is large and includes Batchewana, Mississagi River and Thessalon. On-Reserve population of Garden River First Nation is, according to a 2016 census estimate, 1,125. They have 438 dwellings with 411 lived in. Average household size is 2.7 persons per household. Ojibway Language has died out there. They are signatories to 1850's Robinson-Huron Treaty. Chief Shing-wa-cos signed for Garden River. These Ojibway's were set aside a tract of land extending from Maskinonge Bay above Garden River and inland 10 miles and included Sqirrel Island. More information about Garden River First Nation is below those links.



Map of Batchewana Reserve

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Garden River Road View

Mica Bay Rebellion of 1849


This incident led to 1850's Robinson-Huron and Robinson-Superior Treaties. In 1849, white mining companies established mines at Mica Bay which was quickly learned of by Ojibway leaders. They sent many Ojibway Soldiers to those mines to destroy them. In response, England sent over 100 soldiers to put this rebellion down. It led to 1850's Robinson-Huron and Robinson-Superior Treaties. Ojibway Soldiers were led by chief Shing-wa-cos (Garden River) and chief Ne-be-nai-goch of Batchewana. White Soldiers had repeating rifles and revolvers yet Ojibway Soldiers stood their ground. Michipicoten (Gros Cap), Mississaga and Thessalon were also involved. A Treaty agreement was reached in 1850, to set aside a large Ojibway Reservation along Lake Superiors eastern shores and Lake Huron's northern shores. Whites deliberately wrote that their Reserve was so many miles this way and that way. However, Ojibway leaders considered 1 mile to be 1 league or 3 miles. This Ojibway Reserve is very large and yet exists. We don't recognize 1859's Pennyfather Treaty. It's fraudulent.



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