Grand Rapids First Nation
Located in central Manitoba, is an Ojibway Kasba Reservation community known as Grand Rapids. Below are links to google earth photos of this Ojibway community. According to 2016's census, Grand Rapids First Nation population is 868. They have 234 dwellings with 225 lived in. Average houseold size is 3.9 persons per household. Around 205 speak Corrupted Ojibway Language. Lewis and Clark called Cree Language Corrupted Ojibway Language. Below is an excerpt from text from 1875's Treaty 5. What you must understand and not be fooled by, is information regarding Saskatchewan Rivers mouth. It's located where Grand Rapids is. It clearly tells you it was Saulteaux Ojibway's who signed that treaty. However, Indians living at Grand Rapids think their Cree. They are being fooled by whites. We know better however. Why? We have proof. That's where whites are fooling you. When you read Treaty 5's excerpt text below (it is in green text color), remember that Saskatchewan Rivers mouth is located at Grand Rapids. They, them whites, are liars. Ojibway leaders would never accept land allotments as being their Reserves. They knew better. Those whites lied. In Ojibway, Saskatchewan means little (sas or sis - a diminutive), great (kat-che or kit-chi) and branch (waan). Translated, it means "Little Great Branch." Great was used to identify Saskatchewan River which is also known as North Saskatchewan River. Usually in Ojibway, they'd place diminutives at end's of words to place a diminutive at. However, in this case both "great and little" are used. It refers to North Saskatchewan River and South Saskatchewan River or it's branches. Thus, Sas-kat-che-wan-o Sip-pi or Little Great Branch River or Little and Great Branch River. Notice "Sas-kat-che-wan-o Sip-pi" has music to it? If it's a locative, it's pronounced "Sas-kat-che-wan-o Sip-pi-eg." It means "Little and Great Branch River Place." They write it as "Sas-kat-che-wan-o Sip-pi-ing." It (South Saskatchewan Rivers Mouth) is located 14.4 miles or 23.2 kilometers northeast of Muskoday First Nation and 7.8 miles or 12.6 kilometers northwest of James Smith First Nation. For some reason, whites use an "n" for Ojibway locatives. They have also used "Combinations" in writing Ojibway. You definitely noticed "Misipawistik! It's two words. It should be writen as "Misi Pawistik." Saskatchewan should be written "Sas Katche Waan." It means "Little and Great Branch." From investigating, it is mandatory in Ojibway Language, to place a vowel after a word ending with a consonant. They noticed it had music to it. If an Ojibway word ends with a vowel, it's not necessary. Chief Kinistin led many Ojibway People from Misipawistik region north, northwest and west. Many settled at Montreal Lake and Lac la Ronge including Peter Ballantyne.
Saskatchewan Rivers Mouth
We, the Band of the Saulteaux Tribe of Indians residing at the mouth of the Saskatchewan River, on both sides thereof, having had communication of the foregoing treaty, hereby, and in consideration of the provisions of the said treaty being extended to us, transfer, surrender and relinquish to Her Majesty the Queen, Her heirs and successors, to and for the use of the Government of Canada, all our right, title and privileges whatsoever, which we have or enjoy in the territory described in the said treaty, and every part thereof, to have and to hold to the use of Her Majesty the Queen and Her heirs and successors for ever. And Her Majesty agrees, through the said Commissioners, to assign a reserve of sufficient area to allow one hundred and sixty acres to each family of five, or in that proportion for larger or smaller families-such reserve to be laid off and surveyed next year on the south side of the River Saskatchewan.
And having regard to the importance of the land where the said Indians are now settled in respect of the purposes of the navigation of the said river and transport in connection therewith, and otherwise, and in view of the fact that many of the said Indians have now houses and gardens on the other side of the river and elsewhere which they will abandon, Her Majesty agrees, through Her said Commissioners, to grant a sum of five hundred dollars to the said Band to be paid in equitable proportions to such of them as have houses, to assist them in removing their houses to the said reserve or building others.
And the said Indians, represented herein by their Chiefs and Councillors, presented as such by the Band, do hereby agree to accept the several provisions, payments and other benefits as stated in the said treaty, and solemnly promise and engage to abide by, carry out and fulfil all the stipulations, obligations and conditions therein contained, on the part of the said Chiefs and Indians therein named, to be observed and performed, and in all things to conform to the articles of the said treaty as if we ourselves had been originally contracting parties thereto.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, Her Majesty's said Commissioners and the said Indian Chief and Councillors have hereunto subscribed and set their hands, at the Grand Rapids, this twenty-seventh day of September, in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five.
Signed by the parties in the presence of the undersigned witnesses, the same having been first explained to the Indians by the Honourable James McKay.
E. C. MORRIS,
A. G. JACKES, M.D.,
CHRISTINE V. K. MORRIS.
ALEX. MORRIS, L.G. [L.S.]
JAMES McKAY, [L.S.]
PETER BEARDY, Chief, his x mark
JOSEPH ATKINSON, his x mark
ROBERT S. ANDERSON, Councillors his x mark