Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana






Heart Lake First Nation


Located northeast of Edmonton, Alberta, this Ojibway Heart Lake First Nation, has a total of two Reserves. They are Heart Lake 167 Reserve and Heart Lake 167A Reserve. However, they are really within Kasba Reserve or Treaty 5 Reserve. They are from chief Big Bears Ojibway's from Montana. After American Soldiers attacked Ojibway's living in Montana in 1876, chiefs Big Bear and Sitting Bull led 10,000s to Alberta's and Saskatchewan's Cypress Hills. Chief Big Bear met white negotiators at Fort Carlton and possibly Fort Pitt in Saskatchewan, in August and September of 1876, or just after fleeing to them Cypress Hills. He told them he would sign treaty in 1877. However, it took him until December of 1882 to actually sign treaty. His subjects demanded of him to sign treaty and he obliged them. His subjects agreed to relocate 100's of miles north to near Fort Pitt, Saskatchewan. They were granted land. However, whites lied. Ojibway leaders warned whites not to cross South Saskatchewan River because it was a boundary. Chief Big Bear ceded much land in 1871. He had another name whites gave him which is Yellow Quill or Blue Quill. In Ojibway, it's pronounced as O-za-wa-sko-kra-na-bi. Land from St. Mary River's location in Alberta, where Alberta and Montana's border is, to either Fort Alexander in Manitoba or Fort Albany at James Bay, was ceded. South Saskatchewan River's mouth was a north boundary. Tobin Lake was a northeast boundary. Quill Lakes was another boundary. From Quill Lakes, it followed a line southeast to Assiniboine River then to Fort Alexander. All land south was ceded except for a few Ojibway Reserves. As mentioned, South Saskatchewan River was a boundary. Chief Big Bear and his subjects, settled north of Saskatchewan River in Alberta and Saskatchewan. When chief Big Bear signed treaty in December of 1882, he ceded land south of Saskatchewan River, in Alberta and Saskatchewan. In early 1885, Canada demanded land north of Saskatchewan River which chief Big Bear refused. It led to 1885's Northwest Rebellion. Chief Big Bear continued to refuse to cede land after that conflict ended. His Ojibway subjects were illegally set aside small Reserves where they settled north of Fort Pitt. One is Heart Lake. Population of Heart Lake is 184. In Ojibway, they'd pronounce Heart Lake as De Ga-miiz. Diminutive is to signify it being a small lake. Below is a google earth satellite image of Heart Lake.





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