Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana






Kehewin First Nation


Located about 13 miles south of Bonnyville, Alberta, is an Ojibway Kehewin First Nation Reserve that may have been chief Big Bears main village. However, it is really within Kasba Reserve or Treaty 5 Reserve. They are from chief Big Bears Ojibway's from Montana. After American Soldiers attacked Ojibway's living in Montana in 1876, chiefs Big Bear and Sitting Bull led 10,000s to Alberta's and Saskatchewan's Cypress Hills. Chief Big Bear met white negotiators at Fort Carlton and possibly Fort Pitt in Saskatchewan, in August and September of 1876, or just after fleeing to them Cypress Hills. He told them he would sign treaty in 1877. However, it took him until December of 1882 to actually sign treaty. His subjects demanded of him to sign treaty and he obliged them. His subjects agreed to relocate 100's of miles north to near Fort Pitt, Saskatchewan. They were granted land. However, whites lied. Ojibway leaders warned whites not to cross South Saskatchewan River because it was a boundary. Chief Big Bear ceded much land in 1871. He had another name whites gave him which is Yellow Quill or Blue Quill. In Ojibway, it's pronounced as O-za-wa-sko-kra-na-bi. Land from St. Mary River's location in Alberta, where Alberta and Montana's border is, to either Fort Alexander in Manitoba or Fort Albany at James Bay, was ceded. South Saskatchewan River's mouth was a north boundary. Tobin Lake was a northeast boundary. Quill Lakes was another boundary. From Quill Lakes, it followed a line southeast to Assiniboine River then to Fort Alexander. All land south was ceded except for a few Ojibway Reserves. As mentioned, South Saskatchewan River was a boundary. Chief Big Bear and his subjects, settled north of Saskatchewan River in Alberta and Saskatchewan. When chief Big Bear signed treaty in December of 1882, he ceded land south of Saskatchewan River, in Alberta and Saskatchewan. In early 1885, Canada demanded land north of Saskatchewan River which chief Big Bear refused. It led to 1885's Northwest Rebellion. Chief Big Bear continued to refuse to cede land after that conflict ended. His Ojibway subjects were illegally set aside small Reserves where they settled north of Fort Pitt. One is Kehewin. Population of Kasba Reserve settlement of Kehewin is 976 according to a 2016 census. There is one location that has an appearance of a small town. It's a first link below. Kehewin is supposedly pronounced as "Ke-he-win." Ke-hew means "eagle." Kehewin means "Land of the Eagles" supposedly. However, that "win" represents a present tense in Ojibway. These Kehewin People don't know who they are. It don't make sense. In old Ojibway dictionaries, they included Cree words. In Cree, eagle is Ki-yiw. In Ojibway, an "iw" sound is identical to English sounds like do, shoe, too, you, ect. It's correctly pronounced as "Kid-jiw-win." Or "Ked-hew-win." There is no "h" sound in Ojibway. It has nothing to do with eagle. It's possibly related to hills or mountains. However, Ma-jiw or Wa-jiw is an Ojibway word for mountain. Kid-jiw-win could mean "hilly landscape or mountainous landscape." On this settlements south are small mountains. Below are some google earth road views of Kehewin or Kid-jiw-win.



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