Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Kiashke Zaaging First Nation
This community of Chippewa Indians live just southwest of Lake Nipigon. Their tribal history obviously includes war with the whites, and allowing large numbers of Anishinabek from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin to live on their land in the 19th century. The 1850 Robinson Superior Treaty was agreed upon by Ojibwa leaders who were lied to by the whites. White leaders knew the land north of Lake Superior was nearly all wetlands and contained an incredible number of small and large lakes. They didn't like it. As one went further north, the more unappealing the land is. White leaders sent their negotiators to Ojibwa leaders and reached a treaty agreement in which they left the entire land area of the 1850 Robinson Superior Treaty, to the Ojibwa Nation. Per treaty agreements, Ojibwa leaders agreed to allow the whites to build roads including railroads, establish trading posts, and to lumber and mineral rights. The Ojibwa Robinson Superior Reservation community of Kiashke Zaaging (aka Gull Bay) or First Naton, has a population of 360 according to a 2015 census.