Martin Falls First Nation
This Ojibway Kasba Reservation settlement is located in northern Ontario. It is very isolated. It is also known as Ogoki. According to 2016's census, on-Reserve population of Martin Falls First Nation or Ogoki, is 252. They have 77 dwellings with 64 lived in. Average household size is 3.9 persons per household.Around 55 people speak Ojibway at Martin Falls First Nation. In 1839, Barnston wrote that Northern Ojibway Territory in north Ontario was located near Marten Falls or between Attawapiskat River and Kapiskau River. That be on fringe of Ontario's Boreal Forest and swamp lands. These Ojibway's are known as "Ma-shki-goag" Ojibway's or Swamp Land Ojibway's. Mashkig means swamp in Ojibway. Adding an Ojibway locative makes it Swamp Place. Thus, their term of "Ma-shki-goag." Now "goag" ryhmes with "vogue." Very similar to Chicago which is an Ojibway word meaning Prolific Porcupine Place. They pronounce it as "Chi-ca-goag." Ojibway word for porcupine is "kag." Another one is "Chinook." In Ojibway, it means Prolific Wind Place. Word for wind in Ojibway is "no." They use "mi-si or mi-shi or just shi" with their word for wind or "no" then include a locative. They pronounce it as "Chinoag." It has a quicker and harder "g" ending sound as a result of only two syllables. It makes it sound almost identical to "Chinook." Barnston was really telling people Marten Falls is where "Ma-shki-goag Ojibway" territory commences. Ojibway Soldiers were sent to this location to reinforce Ojibway People already living there in mid or late 17th century, to fight English and Eskimo invaders. Today, people living at Martin Falls First Nation have Eskimo blood, as a result of capturing many of them and absorbing them into their population.