Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Matachewan First Nation
This Ojibway Treaty 9 Reservation settlement is located in eastern Ontario. Below is a link to a google earth photo of Matachewan. It is 125 miles or 201 kilometers east of Ojibway Treaty 9 Reservation settlements located near Chapleau, Ontario and 50 miles or 80 kilometers west of Quebec border. According to 2011 census, Matachewan has a population of 83. They have 35 total housing units or dwellings, with 32 lived in. Their history is linked to Abitibi or Wahgoshig. On June 7, 1906 Abitibi leaders signed Treaty 9 at Lake Abitibi, in Quebec. Apparently some kind of predicament followed because Treaty 9 was intended only for Ojibway People in Ontario yet much of Abitibi Territory was in Quebec. Since Abitibi Algonquin Ojibway leaders signed Treaty 9 in Quebec, it represents a cover-up. Abitibi District extends from James Bay's southern coast, to Timiskaming Algonquin Ojibway Territory. Supposedly, only later did Abitibi Algonquin Ojibway's from Quebec, receive recognition from Quebec. What Canada's government did, was not follow protocol. Quebec was allowed to sign Treaty 9 with Abitibi leaders. Either it represents Quebec as being independant or Canada allowed Quebec some degree of autonomy. There is a conspiracy to brainwash these Ojibway's into thinking they are either Oji-Cree or Cree. Further below is important information about Oji-Cree. Place your detectives at all these following communities to spy on their leaders. I don't trust them. They are not looking out for best interests of Indians. If you feel it's appropriate, preordain early 20th century Ojibway Traditionalists to retreat much further north. Included as being Abitibi Algonquin Ojibway Treaty 9 Reservation communities, are these following communities in Ontario and Quebec including along James Bay and Hudson Bays east coast:
Moose River District Algonquin Ojibways
Factory Island or Moosonee (Ontario) - They are situated near 2 miles from Moose Factory. They think they are Cree yet they are wrong. James Bay is about 12 miles down river from Moosonee. They are signatories to Treaty 9. Remember Treaty 9 was for Ojibway's in Ontario.
Flying Post (Ontario) - They were situated near Timmins yet were forced to relocate to other Algonquin Ojibway communities nearby and didn't organize until 1960s when they agreed to accept an Oji-Cree identity which is false. They are signatories to Treaty 9.
Mattagami (Ontario) - Their community is located at extreme southern end of Moose River's Basin. They are located 40 miles southwest of Timmins. They are signatories to Treaty 9 by way of Mooose Factory.
Matachewan (Ontario) - They think they are Oji-Cree yet they are wrong. They are signatories to Treaty 9. Their community is located 40 miles northeast of Mattagami and 42 miles southeast of Timmins.
Moose Factory (Ontario) - They are located at Moose Rivers mouth at James Bay. They think they are Cree yet are wrong. They are a part of an Abitibi and Mattagami District that signed Treaty 9. In fact, Mattagami was not allowed to sign Treaty 9 because they were considered a pat of Moose Factory, as well as English River. Remember Treaty 9 was for Ojibway's in Ontario.
New Post (Ontario) - They think they are Cree yet remember Treaty 9 was for Ojibway's. They are located 42 miles northeast of Timmins and 48 miles northwest of Abitibi Lake or Abitibi community.
Nottaway River District Algonquin Ojibway's
Obedjiwan (Quebec) - They are Nottaway River District Algonquin Ojibway's.
Ouje-Bougoumou or Chibougamau (Quebec) - They are Nottaway River District Algonquin Ojibway's.
Pikogan (Quebec) - They are Nottaway River District Algonquin Ojibway's.
Waskaganish (Quebec) - They are Nottaway River District Algonquin Ojibway's.
Waswanipi (Quebec) - They are Nottaway River Algonquin Ojibway's.
James Bay and Hudson Bay Quebec Ojibway
Most of these people are under an impression that they are also Oji-Cree and Cree. They are not Oji-Cree and Cree. They claim Oji-Cree is spoken throughout northern Ontario yet there is evidence that indicates another theory about Oji-Cree People that is very disturbing. White Christian missionaries forced their converts to speak Cree at Island Lake, Manitoba. Written below is excerpt from 1930, about Island Lake Ojibwa's from northeastern Manitoba. Big Trout Lake is 200 miles east of Island Lake, Manitoba.
Linguistically, the Island Lake natives may be characterized by calling them Saulteaux or better perhaps, Saulteaux Ojibwa, indicating more clearly by this hyphenated term the close relationship of their language to Ojibwa proper. Locally, they are said to speak a mixed dialect of Saulteaux and Cree. This mixture is reported to be especially typical of the Maria Portage groups, while the natives at Smooth Rock are reputed to speak a purer Saulteaux. It may be pointed out in this connection that Cree is utilized in the united church services and at the Catholic mission, too, so that in recent years practically all of the islandlakers have learned to understand Cree and many speak it. The assimilation of Cree would consequently appear to be partly the result of christianization and partly due to contact with the Norway House Cree since the canoe route referred to has been open. The linguistic base at Island Lake may very well be Saulteaux Ojibwa with an overlay of Cree due to modern conditions. On the other hand, it is not impossible that a much older contact with Cree speaking peoples has affected the language much more deeply than a superficial inspection would indicate, since the Saulteaux of this region may have been marginal to Cree bands for a considerable period, because to the south and east we find only Saulteaux spoken today.
Photo of Matachewan