Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Misipawistik First Nation
Located in the western part of central Manitoba, is the Ojibwa Treaty 1 Reservation community known as Misipawistik. The population is 1,019 according to the 2011 census. That does not include the Misipawistik citizens who live in white communities. Below is an excerpt from text from 1875's Treaty 5. What you must understand and not be fooled by, is the information regarding the mouth of Saskatchewan River. It's located where Misipawistik is. It clearly tells you it was Saulteaux Ojibwa's who signed that treaty. However, the Indians living at Misipawistik think their Cree. We know better however. Why? We have proof. That's where whites are fooling you. When you read Treaty 5's excerpt text below (it is in green text color), remember that the mouth of Saskatchewan River is located at Misipawistik. They, the whites, are liars. They are fooling you into accepting a Cree identity. Ojibwa leaders would never accept land allotments. They knew better. Those whites lied.
In Ojibwa, Saskatchewan means little (sas or sis), big or great (kat-che or kit-chi), branch (wan), and river (si-pi). Translated, it means "Little Big Branch River." It refers to North Saskatchewan River and South Saskatchewan River or it's branches. It has the coordinations of 53°14'6.00"N 105° 4'58.00"W where it branches in Saskatchewan. South Saskatchewan River flows southwest to the Ojibwa's Muskoday Reserve. North Saskatchewan River flows west to the Rocky Mountains. Of course, in Ojibway, it can be written as follows: Kat-che-wa-niiz Sip-pi. It means "Big Little Branch River." However, Ojibway People used "Little Big Branch River" or "Sas-kat-che-wan Sip-pi."
We, the Band of the Saulteaux Tribe of Indians residing at the mouth of the Saskatchewan River, on both sides thereof, having had communication of the foregoing treaty, hereby, and in consideration of the provisions of the said treaty being extended to us, transfer, surrender and relinquish to Her Majesty the Queen, Her heirs and successors, to and for the use of the Government of Canada, all our right, title and privileges whatsoever, which we have or enjoy in the territory described in the said treaty, and every part thereof, to have and to hold to the use of Her Majesty the Queen and Her heirs and successors for ever. And Her Majesty agrees, through the said Commissioners, to assign a reserve of sufficient area to allow one hundred and sixty acres to each family of five, or in that proportion for larger or smaller families-such reserve to be laid off and surveyed next year on the south side of the River Saskatchewan.
And having regard to the importance of the land where the said Indians are now settled in respect of the purposes of the navigation of the said river and transport in connection therewith, and otherwise, and in view of the fact that many of the said Indians have now houses and gardens on the other side of the river and elsewhere which they will abandon, Her Majesty agrees, through Her said Commissioners, to grant a sum of five hundred dollars to the said Band to be paid in equitable proportions to such of them as have houses, to assist them in removing their houses to the said reserve or building others.
And the said Indians, represented herein by their Chiefs and Councillors, presented as such by the Band, do hereby agree to accept the several provisions, payments and other benefits as stated in the said treaty, and solemnly promise and engage to abide by, carry out and fulfil all the stipulations, obligations and conditions therein contained, on the part of the said Chiefs and Indians therein named, to be observed and performed, and in all things to conform to the articles of the said treaty as if we ourselves had been originally contracting parties thereto.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, Her Majesty's said Commissioners and the said Indian Chief and Councillors have hereunto subscribed and set their hands, at the Grand Rapids, this twenty-seventh day of September, in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five.
Signed by the parties in the presence of the undersigned witnesses, the same having been first explained to the Indians by the Honourable James McKay.
E. C. MORRIS,
A. G. JACKES, M.D.,
CHRISTINE V. K. MORRIS.
ALEX. MORRIS, L.G. [L.S.]
JAMES McKAY, [L.S.]
PETER BEARDY, Chief, his x mark
JOSEPH ATKINSON, his x mark
ROBERT S. ANDERSON, Councillors his x mark