Anishinabe History


Ojibway Tribal Video News
(January 2019)








Mosakahiken First Nation


Located in east-central Manitoba, near Cedar Lake, is Mosakahiken First Nation which is an Ojibway Kasba Reservation community. Their on-Reserve population is 1,521 according to a 2011 census. They have ? dwellings with ? lived in. Average household size is ? Around ? speak Corrupted Ojibway Language which is what Lewis and Clark called Cree Language. They are closely related to Grand Rapids Ojibway's. Below is text from the 1875's Treaty 5.





ADHESION BY SAULTEAUX OR CHIPPEWA AND CREE INDIANS


ARTICLE OF AGREEMENT AND ADHESION TO A TREATY made and concluded at Beren's River on the 20th day of September and at Norway House the 24th day of September, in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five, between Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, by Her Commissioners, the Honourable Alexander Morris, Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Manitoba and the North-west Territories, and the Honourable James McKay, of the one part, and the Saulteaux and Swampy Cree Tribes of Indians, inhabitants of the country within the limits hereinafter defined and described, by their Chiefs, chosen and named as hereinafter mentioned, of the other part:

We, the Band of Saulteaux and Swampy Cree Indians, residing at the "Pas," on the Saskatchewan River, Birch River, the Pas Mountain and File Lake, and known as "The Pas Band"; and at Cumberland Island, Sturgeon River, Angling River, Pine Bluff, Beaver Lake and the Ratty Country, and known as "The Cumberland Band"; and at Moose Lake and Cedar Lake, and known as "The Moose Lake Band," having had communication of the aforesaid treaty, of which a true copy is hereunto annexed, hereby, and in consideration of the provisions of the said treaty being extended to us, transfer, surrender and relinquish to Her Majesty the Queen, Her heirs and successors, to and for the use of the Government of Canada, all our rights, title and privileges whatsoever, which we have or enjoy in the territory described in the said treaty and every part thereof, to have and to hold to the use of Her Majesty the Queen and Her heirs and successors forever.

And Her Majesty agrees, through Her representative as hereinafter named, to assign a reserve of sufficient area to allow one hundred and sixty acres to each family of five, or in that proportion for larger or smaller families, such reserves to be subject to the approval of Her Majesty's Government of the Dominion of Canada, and to be laid off and surveyed as soon as may be found practicable, in manner following, that is to say: For the "Pas" Band, a reserve on both sides of the Saskatchewan River at the "Pas"; but as the area of land fit for cultivation in that vicinity is very limited, and insufficient to allow of a reserve being laid off to meet the requirements of the Band, that the balance of such reserve shall be at "Birch River" and the "Pas Mountain"; for the "Cumberland Band" a reserve at "Cumberland Island," and as the land fit for cultivation there is also limited and insufficient to meet their requirements, that the balance of that reserve shall be at a point between the "Pine Bluff" and "Lime Stone Rock," on "Cumberland Lake"; and for the "Moose Lake Band" a reserve at the north end of "Moose Lake," called Little Narrows-reserving, however, to Her Majesty, Her heirs, successors, and Her subjects, the free navigation of all lakes and rivers, and free access to the shores thereof, and excepting thereout such land as may have been granted to or stipulated to be held by the Hudson's Bay Company at the Pas and Cumberland Island, and also such land as Her Majesty or Her successors may in their good pleasure see fit to grant to the missions established at the "Pas" and Cumberland Island by the Church Missionary Society, and the mission established at Cumberland Island by the Roman Catholic Church; and provided Her Majesty, Her heirs and successors, reserve the right to deal with any settlers within the bounds of any lands reserved for any Band as She shall deem fit.

And the said Indians, represented herein by their Chiefs and Councillors, presented as such by the Bands, do hereby agree to accept the several provisions, payments, and other benefits, as stated in the said treaty, and solemnly promise and engage to abide by, carry out and fulfil all stipulations, obligations and conditions therein contained, on the part of the said Chiefs and Indians therein named, to be observed and performed, and in all things to conform to the articles of the said treaty, as if we ourselves had been originally contracting parties thereto.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Honourable Thomas Howard, acting herein for Her Majesty under special authority of the Honourable Alexander Morris, Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba and of the North-west Territories, and Chief Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Manitoba Superintendency, and the said Chiefs and Councillors, have hereunto subscribed and set their hands at the "Pas," on the Saskatchewan River, this seventh day of September, in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-six.



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