Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Muskowekwan First Nation
It is one of two Chippewa communities located within the Little Touchwood Hills Reserve. Muskowekwan has a population of 459 according to the 2011 census. That does not include the Muskowekwan citizens living in white communities. Since they are surrounded by numerous white communities, most of the Chippewa's have moved to white communities. The other Chippewa Little Touchwood Hills communities include Gordon and the communities of Lestock, Punnichy, and Quinton. Below is a map of the Little Touchwood Hills Reserve. To the north is the Big Touchwood Hills Reserve. They have close relations with Big Touchwood Hills Reserve which include Day Star and Kawacatoose, as well as the Qu'Appelle Reserve. Last Mountain Reserve was probably a part of the Touchwood Hills Reserves before being stolen in 1918. It was larger than the Little Touchwood Hills Reserve. It covered an area of land totaling 27,972 hectares or 69,120 acres.
If all three Reserves were connected, the size of the Reserve was much larger than a few hundred square miles. The Reserve may have led to the 1885 Northwest Rebellion. After the 1876-1877 War in Montana, 10,000s of Montana Saulteaux Ojibwa's fled up to southern Alberta and southern Saskatchewan. They settled around the Cypress Hills. Canada did not want a large Indian population living in southwestern Saskatchewan (the land was prairie land) and southern Alberta. They coerced many to relocate to central and southeastern Saskatchewan, where the land was covered by a great many lakes and forests. I suspect Canada set aside a large Reserve which included the Touchwood Hills Reserves, Last Mountain Reserve, Qu'Appelle Reserve, Files Hills Reserve, Crooked Lakes Reserve, and Fishing Lake Reserve. In 1885, Canada broke treaty and the war followed. Chief Kinistin led many Ojibwa People to northern Manitoba and northern Saskatchewan and to what is now Nunavut and the Northwest Territories. Chief Little Bear and other Saulteaux Ojibwa leaders, led large numbers of Ojibwa People to northern Alberta and northern British Columbia. From there, they migrated to Yukon and further west.
Their ogimak signed the 1874 treaty 4 with Canada which established the Muskowekwan First Nation of Saskatchewan. The population of the Muskowekwan First Nation is 459. There is another First Nation (the Gordon) which adjoins the Muskowekwan Reserve. Both Reserves are connected or the same. While Muskowekwan is a Saulteaux Ojibwa community, Gordon is a mixture of Saulteaux Ojibwa and Cree Ojibwa. Below is a link to a map of the Gordon-Muskowekwan Reserve. You must remember that the map is not only a map of the Muskowekwan Reserve but it is also a map of the Gordon Reserve. Both are known as the Little Touchwood Hills Reserve. The size of the Little Touchwood Hills Reserve is 27,463 hectares or 67,862 acres. The population of the Little Touchwood Hills Reserve is 1,558. However, when including the communities of Lestock, Punnichy, and Quinton, the population is 2,040. Much of the Reserve is covered by a forest. It's obvious that the leaders of the Reserve do care more for the earth than money.