Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Nekaneet First Nation
Located near Maple Creek, Saskatchewan and some 61 miles from the Montana border, is the Anishinabe Nekaneet First Nation. This band of Anishinabek is unique because thay are the only Anishinabek with land in southwestern Saskatchewan. In 1912, the last Chippewa Exodus occurred in Montana. From probably both the Blackfeet Reservation and Fort Peck Reservation, small groups of Chippewa's left their Reservations and migrated up to Canada. They were set aside the Nekaneet Reserves and Wood Mountain Reserves, around 1912-1913. There are two Reserves which make up this First Nation. They cover an area of 12,317 total hectares or 30,436 total acres. Total population according to a 2015 population estimate is 472, with most (234) living off the Reserve, while 186 live on-reserve, and 25 live on other reserves. After the 1876-1877 War and Exodus, 10,000s of Montana Chippewa's fled up to the Cypress Hills of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Canada probably set aside a large Ojibwa Reserve in the Cypress Hills but later broke Treaty and forced nearly all the Ojibwa's to relocate elsewhere. However, a few hid in the hills and joined with the Montana Chippewa's after 1910 and were set aside their Nekaneet First Nation Reserve.