Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana






Ochapowace First Nation


It is one of four Ojibway communities located around Crooked Lakes. Below are google earth photos of Cowessess which is capital of Crooked Lakes Reserve and Kahkewistahaw. Ochapowace First Nation has an on-Reserve population of 426 according to a 2016 census. They have 138 dwellings with 126 lived in. Average household size is 3.4 persons per household. Around 15 speak corrupted Ojibway which is what Lewis and Clark called Cree Language. Around 5 speak non corrupted Ojibway. At Crooked Lakes Reserve, Ojibway Language has nearly died out. Besides a Saulteaux Ojibway Ochapowace District, there are three others that make up Crooked Lakes Reserve. They are Cowessess, Kahkewistahaw and Sakimay. Total size of Crooked Lakes Reserve is 73,555 hectares or 735.5 sq. km. or 181,758 acres or 284.0 sq. mi. However, that is their original Reserves. Land added on brings it's size to 92,473.6 hectares or 924.7 sq. km. or 228,507 acres or 357.05 sq. mi. Ochapowace covers 153.7 sq. km or 59.3 sq. mi. Saulteaux Ojibway ogima (chief) Chacachas, signed Treaty 4 in September of 1874 on behalf of his Saulteaux Ojibway subjects. Chief Kakisheway was set aside a Reserve on Round Lakes north side, while chief Chacachas was set aside his Reserve on Round Lakes south side. You now know this Reserves real name is Chacachas. Their history has links to a Chippeway Exodus out of Montana, during 1876-1877. They settled around Cypress Hills region of Alberta and Saskatchewan. White leaders coerced many to relocate to Crooked Lakes, where they merged with Ojibway People known as Ochapowace and Sakimay, who are both native to southeastern Saskatchewan.



Map of Crooked Lakes Reserve

Cowessess From Road

Cowessess From Road

Cowessess From Road

Cowessess From Road

Cowessess From Road

Cowessess From Road

Cowessess From Road

Cowessess From Road

Cowessess From Road

Kahkewistahaw From Road

Kahkewistahaw From Road

Kahkewistahaw From Road

Kahkewistahaw From Road

Kahkewistahaw From Road

Kahkewistahaw From Road

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