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Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana Needs Your Help
Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana needs funding to establish offices at Blackfeet Reservation, Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, Flathead Reservation, Fort Belknap Reservation and at Great Falls, Montana where Hill 57 Reservation is located. Our goal is to gain Tribal Recognition at Blackfeet Reservation, Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, Flathead Reservation and Fort Belknap Reservation and Federal Recognition for Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians at Great Falls with Reservation. Your donation will be greatly appreciated. Below is my paypal link where you can donate to this very important cause for survival. If you are interested in becoming a member of Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana, you can fill out a form here . In comments box, please include your tribal affiliation. In Montana, members of Blackfeet, Crow-Northern Cheyenne, Flathead, Fort Belknap and Rocky Boys Reservation are automatically members of Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana. However, if you are a member from another tribe (Reservation) your application will be approved if you have proof of membership from your tribe (Reservation).
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O-Chi-Chak-ko-Sipi First Nation
This Saulteaux Ojibway First Nation is a part of the Kinistin Band of Ojibwa's. Population according to 2011 census, is 503. That does not include off-Reserve population. They have no organized settlements at O-Chi-chak-ko-sippi. All housing units which number 130, are located along roads within the Reserve including Highway 481 where about half of the housing units are located, and a couple other roads. Average household size is about 3.9 persons per household at O-Chi-chak-ko-sippi. Ojibwa is yet spoken at O-Chi-chak-ko-sippi yet not widely. About 50 people at O-Chi-chak-ko-sippi have some knowledge of the Ojibwa Language. O-Chi-chak-ko-sippi Ojibwa's are closely related to the Swan River Band of Ojibwa's who are the Cote, Keeseekoose (they were led by chief Keeseekoose who was related to Jacques Cardinal), Pine Creek, Sapotaweyak, The Key, Wuskwi Sipihk and Yellow Quill. They are also closely related to the Waterhen or Skownan Ojibwa's and Ebb & Flow Ojibwa's. They signed Treaty 2 on August 21, 1871. They were classed as being fron Crane River and Ebb & Flow. To learn more about O-Chi-chak-ko-sippi, we have to research Jacques Cardinal.
Chief Paul or Chief Okanese?
Neither. According to historians, chief Jean Baptiste Lolo (aka chief Paul or St. Paul) was an off-spring of chief Michael Ooskins Cardinal or chief Okanese. However, they reported that chief Paul was born in 1798. They reported that chief Michael Ooskins Cardinal or chief Okanese, was born sometime between 1795-1837. His father was Jacques Cardinal. He moved west in the late 18th century with Northwest Fur Company and Hudson Bay Fur Company. He settled down to live in what is now the Jasper National Park region of Alberta including land in British Columbia and along Bow River in Alberta and also where the O'Chiese Ojibwa's live. That includes land where Blood and Piikani Reserves are, in southern Alberta. After Northwest Fur Company went out of business, HBC then became attractive to chief Paul and chief Okanese. Chief Paul moved to near what is now Kamloops, British Columbia and was considered chief by HBC who used him or bought him. Chief Okanese moved from the Bow River region in Alberta with his Saulteaux Ojibwa subjects, to southwestern Manitoba. They settled down near what is now Riding Mountain (it's really Rocky Mountain House) National Park or Jasper National Park. He kept business with HBC or was bought by HBC. He was considered chief by HBC. However, Ojibway leaders did not recognize any of the off-spring of Jacques Cardinal as chiefs. Below are the off-spring of Jacques Cardinal:
Jean Baptiste Lolo (aka chief Paul or St. Paul, Lolo and Okanese)
Michael Ooskins Cardinal or chief Okanese (it means Little Bone in Ojibway)
Keeseekoowenin (chief of Valley River or Totinaowaziibeeng)
Red Pheasant (he led the Ojibwa's from Red Pheasant Reserve including Grizzly Bears Head, Lean Man and Mosquito)
Wuttunee (he was originally considered head chief by HBC yet he let his brother chief Red Pheasant, assume that role)
As mentioned, none of them were recognized by Ojibway leaders as chiefs. What Ojibway leaders recognized, was each one worked for HBC or the whites who used them to corrupt the Ojibway Nation. Chief Paul was recognized as leader of the British Columbia Ojibwa's (the Shuswap) by HBC but not Ojibway leaders. Chief Paul's influence extended down to near what is now Lolo, Montana which is named after him. Chief Paul along with the other idiotic Paul's of Montana, are traitors. HBC considered chief Paul the leader of the Ojibwa's from California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Alberta, British Columbia up to Yukon and Northwest Territory. Chief Okanese was considered chief of the Ojibwa's from Montana, North Dakota, Saskatchewan, Manitoba up to Northwest Territories, by HBC. Since each worked for the whites, they certainly did not fight the whites. Worse, they were strict Christians which enraged Ojibway Traditionalists. These idiotic Paul's actually signed treaties on behalf of HBC which means none of those treaties are valid.
Chief Yellow Quill or Chief Kinistin?
Chief Kinistin was pivotal in leading many Ojibway People from southern Manitoba including near Selkirk and Winnipeg, north to the caribou lands (from Alberta to Manitoba) of the Chipewyan. Chief Kinistin was apparently a sub-chief of chief Yellow Quill. During the late 1860s, chief Yellow Quill stationed many Ojibwa Soldiers at Portage la Prairie to prevent the whites and mixed bloods from Red River Colony, from expanding west. He wanted to negotiate a fair treaty. That happened in the late 1860s yet didn't become formal until August 3, 1871 and August 21, 1871, when treaties 1 and 2 were signed. It's very obvoius that chiefs Yellow Quill and Kinistin, did not accept treaty terms. They signed treaty yet after understanding they were lied to, they followed prophecy. Treaty 4 is actually a treaty that went further to violate treaties 1 and 2. After chief Okanese died in 1870 (chief Paul died in 1868), his son chief Mekis was appointed chief by HBC. Chief Mekis signed Treaty 2 on August 21, 1871. They were set aside land between Dauphin Lake, Duck Mountain National Park and Riding Mountain (aka Rocky Mountain House or Riding Mountain House) National Park or Jasper National Park. A very large Reserve chiefs Yellow Quill and Kinistin negotiated for. However, in response to Ojibway chiefs understanding they had been lied to, England used bribery to force another treaty. That treaty was Treaty 4. Chief Keeseekoowenin, who was chief Mekis brother, took money for that fraudulent treaty signed on September 9, 1875. Chief Mekis was dead before Treaty 4 was signed so HBC used his brother Keeseekoowenin. Chief Yellow Quill and chief Kinistin, obviously rejected English demands. Read Treaty 1 and 2 text. White policy was to bribe Indian leaders to cede Indian land. Many of those Indian leaders had some degree of white blood, as did chiefs Keeseekowenin and Mekis. Below is an excerpt from Treaty 1:
For each Chief who signed the treaty, a dress distinguishing him as Chief. (proof they were not chiefs)
For braves and for councillors of each Chief a dress; it being supposed that the braves and councillors will be two for each Chief.
For each Chief, except Yellow Quill, a buggy.
For the braves and councillors of each Chief, except Yellow Quill, a buggy.
In lieu of a yoke of oxen for each reserve, a bull for each, and a cow for each Chief; a boar for each reserve and a sow for each Chief, and a male and female of each kind of animal raised by farmers, these when the Indians are prepared to receive them.
A plough and a harrow for each settler cultivating the ground.
These animals and their issue to be Government property, but to be allowed for the use of the Indians, under the superintendence and control of the Indian Commissioner.
The buggies to be the property of the Indians to whom they are given.
The above contains an inventory of the terms concluded with the Indians.
So you can detect deceit when deceit is visible. Neither chief Keeseekoowenin nor his brother chief Mekis, had any power to act on behalf of any district of the Ojibwa's of southern Manitoba and southeastern Saskatchewan. What happened in 1871, was England agreeing to set aside a large area of land in southwestern Manitoba and adjacent southeastern Saskatchewan, to be an Ojibway Reserve. White surveyors already knew what the productivity of the land in those locations was. They knew the regions where Riding Mountain National Park and Duck Mountain National Park are, were not suited to agriculture.
Kinistin Band of Ojibway
Cote (Keeseekoose Reserve)
Ebb & Flow
Carry The Kettle (aka Piapot)
Cowessess (Crooked Lakes Reserve)
Crane River (aka O'Chi-chak-ko-sippi)
Day Star (Touchwood Hills Reserve)
Gordon (Touchwood Hills Reserve)
James Smith (originally lived at St. Peters Reserve)
Kahkewistahaw (Crooked Lakes Reserve)
Kawacatoose (Touchwood Hills Reserve)
Keeseekoose (Keeseekoose Reserve)
Little Black Bear (File Hills Reserve)
Muscowpetung (Qu'Appele Lakes Reserve)
Muskoday (originally lived at St. Peters Reserve)
Muskowekwan or Mus-skow-i-gan (Touchwood Hills Reserve)
Ochapowace (Crooked Lakes Reserve)
Okanese (File Hills Reserve)
Pasqua (Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve)
Peepeekisis (File Hills Reserve)
Peguis (originally lived at St. Peters Reserve)
Piapot (aka Carry The Kettle - Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve)
Sakimay (Crooked Lakes Reserve)
The Key (Keeseekoose Reserve)
Tootinaowaziibeeng (aka Valley River)
Sapotaweyak (originally a part of Swan River Reserve or Keeseekoose)
Standing Buffalo (Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve)
Wuskwi Sipihk (originally a part of Swan River Reserve or Keeseekoose)