Oxford House First Nation


Located 587 kilometers or 365 miles northeast of Winnipeg, Manitoba, is this Ojibway Kasba Reservation community of Oxford House First Nation. This community has an on-Reserve population of 1,950 according to 2016's census. They have 377 dwellings with 334 lived in. Average household size is 5.7 persons per household. They are Northern Ojibways who are also known as Muskegos. Around 1,320 speak Corrupted Ojibway Language which is what Lewis and Clark called Cree Language, at Oxford House First Nation. This community is an Ojibway community. Read Treaty 5 text. We also know that Northern Ojibway Territory extended to Nelson River and much further north. According 1832's Edinburgh Encyclopedia, Ojibway People gave rise to Cree People, Chipewyan People and Dogrib People. Staff at HBC named Northern Ojibway People "Nakawawuck or Nekawawuck and Lake Indians." Andrew Graham wrote in 1771, that Ojibway's forced their way to York Fort (aka York Factory) in 1762 or during Pontiac's War. They were there to prevent white expansion inland. They did trade now and then according to Andrew Graham who also wrote that Northern Ojibway People commanded all lakes (thus why they were named Lake Indians) from York Fort Rivers (Nelson River and Hayes River), leaving Lowland Cree (they were really Eskimos) very little room between them and Hudson Bay. Staff at HBC named Cree People "Keskatchewan." As more Ojibway Soldiers were sent north, Keskatchewan People who are Ojibway also, retreated west and southwest. Northern Keskatchewan People were named Beaver Indians. Below are 18th century maps that can help you. Frenchmans Lake and Little Sea are Lake Winnipeg. On their left, are latitude numbers which are from 48 to 58 north latitude. Notice how Lake Winnipeg and Lake Manitoba are situated? Almost horizontal instead or vertical. It looks like whoever drew that map, was looking northwest. Churchill looks like Northern Ojibway Territory's north boundary which was possibly Churchill River. However, Churchill is at 58 north latitude. York Fort (aka York Factory) is at 57 north latitude. During their war against whites and their Eskimo allies who were stationed at white forts around Hudson Bay and James Bay, Ojibway Soldiers captured many Eskimos and absorbed them into their population. Oxford House First Nation has an Eskimo mixture within their population. Closer to Hudson Bay and James Bay, more Eskimo blood is within Ojibway communities.







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