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Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana Needs Your Help


Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana needs funding to establish offices at Blackfeet Reservation, Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, Flathead Reservation, Fort Belknap Reservation and at Great Falls, Montana where Hill 57 Reservation is located. Our goal is to gain Tribal Recognition at Blackfeet Reservation, Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, Flathead Reservation and Fort Belknap Reservation and Federal Recognition for Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians at Great Falls with Reservation. Your donation will be greatly appreciated. Below is my paypal link where you can donate to this very important cause for survival. If you are interested in becoming a member of Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana, you can fill out a form here . In comments box, please include your tribal affiliation. In Montana, members of Blackfeet, Crow-Northern Cheyenne, Flathead, Fort Belknap and Rocky Boys Reservation are automatically members of Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana. However, if you are a member from another tribe (Reservation) your application will be approved if you have proof of membership from your tribe (Reservation).


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Sakimay First Nation


It is one of four Ojibway communities located around Crooked Lakes. Sakimay has a population of 311 according to 2011 census. Below are several google earth photos of Crooked Lakes Reserve. Population does not include Sakimay citizens living in white communities. Since they are surrounded by numerous white communities, most Ojibways have moved to white communities. Cowessess, Kahkewistahaw, and Ochapowace are those other three communities. Below is a map of Crooked Lakes Reserve. Chief Little Bone, who was a brother of chief Cowessess, was an important leader of Sakimay District and Crooked Lakes Reserve in general. Chief Little Bone is also known by his Saulteaux Ojibway name which was Okanis. Okanese First Nation are from Sakimay or Waywayseecappo Saulteaux Ojibways. Their territory extends from southwestern Manitoba to southeastern Saskatchewan. Further below links to google earth photos of Cowessess, Kahkewistahaw and Crooked Lakes Reserve, is more historical information about Crooked Lakes Reserve and it's demographics.



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Kahkewistahaw From Road

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Crooked Lakes Reserve From Road

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Map of Crooked Lakes Reserve


Total size of Crooked Lakes Reserve is 73,555 hectares or 735.5 sq. km. or 181,758 acres or 284.0 sq. mi. However, that is their original Reserves. Land added on brings it's size to 92,473.6 hectares or 924.7 sq. km. or 228,507 acres or 357.05 sq. mi. Cowessess is their largest District. It covers 37,865.8 hectares or 93,566 acres. Cowessess has a population of 672. That does not include off Reserve population. Population of Crooked Lakes Reserve is 2,046. Many citizens of Crooked Lakes Reserve can trace their origins back to Montana, where they originally lived but were driven out by whites, after 1860-1881 Mullan Road War. Ogimak Big Bear and Sitting Bull, led them up to Canada.



Their land is scenic and beautiful. It has few farms and an abundance of trees and lakes. To their north, are Crooked Lakes. In northwestern portion of Sakimay District, their land surrounds Crooked Lakes southern, western, and northwestern areas. Area around Marieval is almost surrounded by mountains. Their northern most land areas, are just south of Highway 247. South of Highway 247, a valley is beautiful and shielded by bluffs or small mountains. Much of their land is mountainous. They (mountains) were created by Crooked Lakes. Most of their farm land is located in Cowessess and Sakimay Districts. In their east, in Kahkewistahaw and Ochapowace Districts, their land is heavily forested. In their south, their land is more flat or level, than to their north, where it is more mountainous. They obviously have strong feelings about their mountains. More Indian communities need to be created. Other Saulteaux People will love this beautiful Reserve which is one of their more beautiful nations. If their leaders want a rebirth of an Anishinabe Nation, they then need to attract Saulteaux Ojibway People to their nation. Place your detectives at this Ojibway Nation. Their leaders are allowing whites to invade and colonize their nation. Sakimay is allowing whites to build housing units and currently there are more housing units owned by whites at Sakimay than owned by Ojibway's. Sakimay has 192 housing units with 92 lived in. We know whites will return asking for more. If their leaders do not stop what is going on, they will not be allowed to live again. That is law. Preordain 19th century Ojibway Traditionalists to commence migrations to their northwest, to avoid what happens.



Chief Louis O'Soup


He was very important in having Ojibwa Reserves located along and near Qu'Appelle River created. His family originated in Alberta where Foothills Ojibway Society is located. Foothills Ojibway Society of Alberta are currently non status, which means they are landless to whites but not to FOS. They are related to O'Chiese Ojibway's yet quite unlike them. Foothills Ojibway Society leaders have not gained recognition nor a Reserve in Alberta. Some speculate Foothills Ojibway Society (FOS) are related to Ta-twa-sin Ojibways who lived at Buffalo Lake in Alberta, which is 100 miles east of O'Chiese-Sunchild Reserve and 16 miles southeast of Montana Reserve which includes Ermineskin, Louis Bull, and Samson Reserves. All four are really one Reserve. They supposedly left Buffalo Lake in 1887, for land near Rocky Mountain House. According to FOS historians, FOS left Ontario in early 16th century to migrate west which is not correct. We know from 1832s Edinburgh Encyclopedia, that Ojibways forced their way east to fight white invaders in early 16th century. What actually transpired first, was an eastward Ojibway migration in early 16th century. They forced their way to Quebec by mid or late 16th century. European explorers reported that a non Ojibway or non Algonquian People, lived in Quebec, between Montreal and Quebec City, in early 16th century. When they returned in late 16th century or early 17th century, they found Ojibways living between Montreal and Quebec City. Later, Ojibways from Quebec and Ontario, did follow prophecy and migrated west.



Now, if it is correct that FOS lived around Buffalo Lake, it means FOS has direct links to Montana Reserve which means they are largely descended from Montana Ojibways who were Deported to Montana Reserve. What caused them to leave Montana Reserve was Nationality. They followed prophecy and migrated west and north and merged with Ojibways native to that region of Alberta. Their goal was to cling to their Ojibway Nationality. They were living in Japser region long before whites invaded. After whites decided to make Jasper region a National Park, they forced Ojibways to leave that area. Jasper area was very important to Ojibways. Chief St. Paul (his real name was Okanese as well as Jean Baptiste Lolo) was from Jasper region. He eventually moved southwest to near Kamloops, British Columbia where he became an important leader among Shuswap Ojibways, whose territory bordered O'Chiese or FOS Territory.



Apparently, father of chief Paul was Michael Cardinal. His real name was Okanese which means Little Bone. There is a discrepancy because Michael Cardinal was born in 1795 or after. Chief Paul, his son, was reportedly born in 1798. Either chief Paul was his father or something else is wrong. Supposedly, chief Paul was brother (he was really his father) of chief Louis O'Soup (historians will tell you he was metis and Assiniboine yet Louis O'Soup claimed to be Ojibway) who was an important Ojibway leader in Alberta and Saskatchewan (Cypress Hills). He was coerced into leaving Cypress Hills region (southern Alberta and southwestern Saskatchewan) in 1880 or 1881, to where Saulteaux Ojibway Reserves are located along Qu'Appelle River. They include Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve, Carry the Kettle Reserve, Crooked Lakes Reserve and File Hills Reserve and also Touchwood Hills Reserve. That could indicate he was living in Montana before Crooked Lakes Reserve was created or was an important Plains Ojibway leader in Alberta, Montana and Saskatchewan.



It is known that Louis O'Soup or, his father, was native to where Bow River is located in Alberta. Mouth of Bow River is less than 60 miles from Cypress Hills. It is also less than 60 miles from Blood Reserve. It, Bow River, leads northwest to Calgary. If you read about history of southern Alberta including Bow River region, white historians ignore Ojibways. That is one of many reasons why so many Ojibways refused to sign treaty. Most of Alberta, Montana and Saskatchewan Ojibways stayed in Cypress Hills after Ojibway Reserves were created along Qu'Appelle River. However, chief Cowessess eventually moved to Crooked Lakes Reserve. They changed name of O'Soup Reserve to Cowessess Reserve, after Ojibways who stayed at Cypress Hills, relocated to Crooked Lakes Reserve in either 1880 or 1881. Chief Cowessess was brother of Louis O'Soup. Keeseekoosewenin was half brother of chief Louis O'Soup. Chief Paul's sons were important to HBC or Hudson Bay Company. However, they were considered insignificant by nearly all Ojibway People who knew they were paid by HBC. Since HBC considered them chiefs, so did Canadian leaders. Real Ojibway leaders were ogima Sitting Bull who led over 5,000 Montana Ojibways to Cypress Hills from near Havre, Montana on May 5, 1877 and ogima Big Bear who led even more Montana Ojibways to Cypress Hills around same time. Chief Big Bear was possibly born in Michigan or Wisconsin. His son, chief Little Bear or Mah-koonse or Ma-koos, told whites his mother was from Wisconsin and his father once lived along Snake River in southern Idaho, before moving to Montana.



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