Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Saulteaux First Nation of Saskatchewan
It is very difficult to learn about the correct history of the Jackfish Lake Saulteaux of Saskatchewan, which is one of the many communities (excluding the Jackfish Lake Region) of the Ojibway Kasba or Treaty 5 Reservation. Below is a link to a googlemaps map of the Moosomin-Saulteaux Reserve of Saskatchewan. According to 2016's census, Saulteaux First Nation has an on-Reserve population of 499. Saulteaux 159 IRI has an on-Reserve population of 473. Saulteaux 159A IRI has an on-Reserve population of 26. Either their status was established back in the 19th century, or after 1950, when both the Saulteaux from Alberta (the O'Chiese and Sunchild) and Saskatchewan (the Jackfish Lake Saulteaux, Waterhen Lake Saulteaux, and Witchekan Lake Saulteaux), signed adhesions to treaty 6. An obvious discrepancy about the Saulteaux of Saskatchewan is very evident. The Ojibway's of the Jackfish Lake Saulteaux of Saskatchewan, obviously wanted to cling to their Anishinabe Nationality, as did the Ojibway's of Alberta. That may be the origins of the discrepancy. I have called the government of the Jackfish Lake Saulteaux and even they don't know when there status was established. However, i was told the Saulteaux First Nation was established long before the Cochin treaty 6 adhesion signings of 1954 and 1956.
According to Marie Osecap, who was born in 1881 at Sweet Grass Reserve, she moved to Moosomin-Thunderchild Reserve in 1906, which was adjacent to Sweet Grass Reserve or really Sweet Grass Reserve. Moosomin-Thunderchild is really located directly north and adjacent to Sweet Grass Reserve. In 1902, they were already negotiating land cessions to relocate Montana Ojibway's to this region of Saskatchewan. In 1909, or during an Ojibway Deportation out of Montana (it was a major Deportation), Moosomin-Thunderchild Reserve (northern part of Sweet Grass Reserve) was ceded. Most relocated to Jackfish Lake. Marie Osecap and her husband moved to Sweet Grass Reserve however. They relocated to Jackfish Lake in 1911. What Marie Osecap remembered was Ojibway People already living there and very upset about new arrivals to Jackfish Lake. They were forced to leave their homes around Jackfish Lake and move north. They continued to adhere to original treaty agreements. Marie Osecap vividly remembered an evil spirit (Christian priest) at her home while she was a youngster and what followed. She told of an old lantern on a fence. She also told of how many Indians were living at Sweet Grass Reserve which was a great many, especially old folks. She reported that Christian priest using holy water. Soon after, many people commenced getting sick at Sweet Grass Reserve and dying. Osecap reported that Indians commenced dying at an alarming rate. Whites decimated their population. Osecap and her husband, moved to Jackfish Lake's north side with many other Indians not from Jackfish Lakes region. It enraged Ojibway People native to Jackfish Lakes region because they had to leave their homes and move north so them new arrivals could settle their land. Those Saulteaux Ojibways were forced to move north towards Flying Dust, Thunderchild, Waterhen and Witchekan Lake.
Map of the Moosomin-Saulteaux Reserve
An online website has information about how the Saulteaux First Nation of Saskatchewan was established. A group of 6 Saulteaux (Ojibwa) families agreed to sign an adhesion to treaty 6 in 1954. The 6 families probably numbered around 30 or 40. Those 6 families obviously were not the only Ojibwa's in the Jackfish Lake region. Today, they number 610. They were originally known as the Jackfish Lake Band. However, the Moosomin were already living there. A map from 1918 (it is below) shows an Indian Reserve along Jackfish Lakes east shores. To it's southwest is old Moosomin-Thunderchild Reserve or north part of Sweet Grass Reserve. West of old Moosomin-Thunderchild Reserve, is Little Pine-Poundmaker Reserve.