Temagami First Nation


This Ojibway community is located on an island in Lake Temagami in northern Ontario. Temagami First Nation is unique. These Ojibway's came up from a southern location. Possibly from north of Toronto. Their reason for leaving was broken treaties. They retreated north of Lake Nipissing into northwestern Ontario and northwestern Quebec, to avoid whites. They never signed treaty and continue to insist they have never signed treaty ceding their land. Their territory extends east into Quebec and up to James Bay and further west. It be that region east of 1850's Robinson-Huron Treaty and Robinson-Superior Treaty. Hudson Bay Company established a trade post where they live now and sought out minor Ojibway leaders to buy. One was chief Tonene who was bought to accept a very tiny island to be his Reserve. This happened in 1877. Soon after a few Ojibway's commenced living there. In 1945, Canada bought this tiny island and in 1970 it became Temagami First Nation Reserve. Their on-Reserve population is 153 according to 2016's census. They have 93 dwellings with 65 lived in. Average household size is 2.3 persons per household which is below normal for Ojibway communities. Ojibway Language is no longer spoken there. Their Reserve is very small. It covers a land area of 2.91 sq. km. or 1.1 sq. mi. You now know why those Ojibway's of that location in Ontario and Quebec, don't accept treaty.



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