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Whitefish Lake First Nation

Located in northern Alberta, about 30 miles north of Lesser Slave Lake, along the northern shores of Utikuma Lake and eastern shores of Utikumasis Lake, is the Anishinabe Whitefish Lake First Nation of Alberta. There are three Reserves which make up this First Nation. They cover an area of 8,229 total hectares or 20,334 total acres. The Reserve population is 1,123. They live within treaty 8 land area but their leader ogima Pakan signed treaty 6. Ogima Pakan became the target of extreme hostility from his own people. That's according to historians from the Whitefish Lake First Nation. Ojibway soldiers went looking for any Anishinabe people and other Indians who would not support the 1885 Northwest Rebellion, to force them to help to fight to defend Indian land. That led to ogima Pakan gathering around 50 people under his leadership and fleeing up to where their Reserve is now, to avoid the great rage of the Ojibway soldiers. The key words are "an exodus happened." At first ogima Pakan refused (again the key word is refused) to sign treaty 6 but after the 1885 war, he knew he had no choice but to sign to the wicked ways of the whites.

Lubicon Nation

Just north of the Whitefish Lake Reserves, by about 30 miles, is the non status Lubicon Nation. They are quite like the non status Foothills Ojibway Society which is located to the southwest, between Grand Prairie and Rocky Mountain House. Since Whitefish Lake historians have recorded that an exodus followed during the 1885 Northwest Rebellion, the descendants of that 1885 exodus are probably the Lubicon Nation. More research about this subject must be throughly carried out to learn the true events which led to the Lubicon Nation. I suspect that either ogima Pakan, or possibly ogima Yellow Quill (aka ogima Blue Quill), or ogima Kinistin led them up to where the Lubicon Nation is located.

Ogima Pakan received very little land for his people. If he had more Anishinabe people under his leadership he would have had more land set aside. It doesn't matter anyway because his land is far more vast than what is depicted. Surrounding the two lakes is the vast Canadian Wilderness. They must protect their land from the whites. We have been warned about their deceitful ways! They are from the Woodland branch of the northern Ojibwa's who are also known as the Muskego or Muskegowuk, which means Swampy People in Anishinabe. The whites call them Woodland Cree. The Plains Cree are also a branch of the northern Ojibwa's. They have lived in that region of Alberta for probably over 1,000 years. Many of the Ojibwa's from Manitoba who followed the Seven Fires Prophecy and migrated westward into the region in British Columbia where the Saulteau First Nation is, settled down with these Anishinabe people of the Whitefish Lake First Nation of Alberta, as did many Anishinabe people from Montana.


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