The 1857 Battle of Beale's Crossing


After the 1850-1853 Yuma War ended, the fighting between Anishinabe soldiers and invading illegal white settlers, continued on. The Americans wanted to build another fort north of Fort Yuma, along the same Colorado River Fort Yuma was situated next to. In 1857, the United States illicitly commenced to building a 1,000 mile long road from New Mexico, to the Colorado River. In the same year of 1857, a group of illegal white settlers (they were really white surveyors) known historically as the Rose Party (they were named after the leader of their group who was L.R. Rose), arrived to a location along the Colorado River in Mojave Territory, known as Beale's Crossing. Edward Fitzgerald Beale was appointed by President Buchanan to survey the route for the proposed new road from Fort Defiance, New Mexico, to the Colorado River in Mojave Territory. The location on the Colorado River was known as Beale's Crossing.





Supposedly one Mojave chief known as Arateve (he was an ally of the Yuma Nation and the Americans during the Yuma War - that is an indication that you should not believe in that information), stopped the Rose Party at Beale's Crossing and asked of them, what's up? They told the Anishinabe ogimak (leaders) that they were going to California and had no intentions of settling down to live on their land. That sounded very good to the Anishinabe ogimak. But after another group of American surveyors arrived at Beale's crossing shortly after the Rose Party, things started to seem to Anishinabe ogimak, as if a lie was being concealed by the whites. What bothered Anishinabe ogimak, was thoughts of the whites building another fort on Anishinabe land. Within a short while after the arrival of the Rose Party, the Bailey Party arrived. Not ones to look away, while strangers were amongst them, Anishinabe people began to notice the whites were cutting down the few cottonwood trees in that area. They, of course, knew that the whites had lied to them. They knew all along what the whites were there for. American soldiers made up the Rose Party and Bailey Party.



Once they learned that the whites spoke to them in their forked tongue language, Anishinabe ogimak ordered their brave soldiers, and their allies brave soldiers, to attack the force of American soldiers attempting to build a fort on Anishinabe land without requesting from the Anishinabe Nation, for their approval. In the following battle, the Anishinabe and Walapai soldiers, fought an intense battle against probably 60 to 80 American soldiers who were better armed. Historians claim the Rose Party and Bailey Party contained dozens of women and children. Don't believe that. American soldiers would not dare endanger the lives of their women and children in predicaments as those. After the battle ended, the small American military force was forced to flee back to New Mexico. They left most of their livestock to the victorious Anishinabek and Walapai. According to historians, the Anishinabe and Walapai soldiers, endurred the heavier casualties and that could be correct because, as we know, the whites had superior weapons. Around 17 Anishinabe and Walapai soldiers were killed in the battle and an unknown number were wounded. Historians claim only 1 white soldier was killed and 11 others were wounded in the battle, but most likely American casualties were much higher. They were forced to retreat back to New Mexico as we know.