Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

October 21, 1876 Battle of Cedar Creek

In late October of 1876, close to 500 American Soldiers trekked up to where present day Glendive, Montana is located to spend a winter there or, establish an American presence in that part of Ojibway country. Those American movements were known of by Ojibway Soldiers who attempted to prevent an American wagon train of supplies from reaching Colonel Nelson Miles soldiers, who had established a temporary camp near Tongue river, on two occasions. One occurred on October 11 and another on October 15. Not too long after those two failed attacks on American wagon train supplies, Ojibway leaders sent two of their emissaries to negotiate with Americans about ending their part in Mullan Road War. After Colonel Miles met with those two emissaries, he agreed to meet with Ojibway leaders to negotiate.

Colonel Miles made it clear Americans would only accept surrender, after hearing that Ojibway leaders wanted to trade for ammunition and food. Since nothing was settled they agreed to meet again next day. During negotiations on Saturday October 21, 1876, Ojibway leaders became more aggressive and told their American enemies to leave their land and take their supply trains with them. Not long after negotiations ended a battle commenced, which Americans eventually dominated (they were well supplied with latest European weapons of war), which led Indians to retreat from their well armed enemy who followed them for some 42 miles. Battle of Cedar Creek was not major but more of a retreat. Indian casualties were 5 killed and an unknown number wounded. American casualties were only two wounded.

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