Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

The Battle of Cowpens January 17, 1781

This early 1781 battle was fought near Cowpens, South Carolina. A force of around 2,100 English soldiers under the command of Colonel Banastre Tarleton, commenced to form their battle lines then advanced on the large force of brave soldiers from the Southern Anishinabe Confederation. As their advance to the probably concealed Indian and black soldiers progressed, the English military force was too small to force their will against the Indian and black military force battling them, which eventually led to the English military force ending their advance upon the Indian and black military force, to regroup then once again form another advance line. Their strategy was clear to the military commanders of the Southern Anishinabe Confederation, who allowed the next advance from the English soldiers to deliberately force a great many of the Southern Anishinabe Confederationís soldiers to retreat, but it was part of a clever plan. Once the Indian and black soldiers had retreated, another group of Indian and black soldiers rushed the startled English military force inflicting great damage on the large English military force, and in fact, it forced the English military force to retreat from the battle and some 900 English soldiers to surrender. White casualties were 135 killed, 353 wounded, and another 900 captured, who were killed later on or enslaved.

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