The May 10, 1873 Battle of Dry Lake

On the morning of May 10, 1873, a force of Anishinabe Soldiers attacked a camp of American Soldiers and their Indian allies. They were desperate and badly in need of water and probably food. In the battle that followed, the Americans were victorious but at a cost. American casualties in the Battle of Dry Lake, were 5 killed including 2 of their Indian allies, and 12 wounded. Anishinabe casualties were 5 killed and an unknown number were wounded. After this battle, a dispute erupted among the Anishinbek which resulted in one group agreeing to surrender to the Americans as long as if they were granted amnesty if they helped the whites find Captain Jack. That group was led by Hooker Jim. Captain Jack was captured on June 4, 1873, then executed. Along with Captain Jack, the Americans also captured John Schonchin, Black Jim, and Boston Charley, and had them executed as well. All 4 were executed on October 3, 1873, at Fort Klamath. Many of the supposed Modocs (they were really Anishinabe) were kept as prisoners of war. They were then sent to Oklahoma. Those Anishinabek who eluded capture, continued to live in isolated regions in the California, Idaho, Nevada, and Oregon region. After this battle, the so called Modoc War ended.