Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
The November 29, 1872 Battle of Lost River
Throughout the 1850s and 1860s, Anishinabe soldiers (white historians refer to them as the Modocs) persistently launched raids on the invading whites, in southern Oregon and northern California. In the early 1870s, the conflict grew to include the Klamath Indian allies of the whites. The last thing Anishinabe ogimak wanted was to fight the whites who used Indians as allies. Anishinabe controlled land in the north of California and the south of Oregon, was highly sought after by the whites. American representatives met with non Anishinabe leaders (the Klamath and other Indian Nations) and signed treaties with them in which they ceded their lands (their lands were Anishinabe by right of conquest) to the United States. That is why the so called 1872-1873 Modoc War was fought. On November 29, a force of American soldiers under the command of Captain James Jackson, numbering 40 soldiers and probably scores of their Indian allies soldiers, attempted to negotiate with Anishinabe ogima Captain Jack. According to historians, Captain Jack did not want any trouble with the white military force, so after the Americans demanded that he lead his people to the Klamath Reservation, he agreed to. However, an incident occurred between an Anishinabe soldier and a white soldier, in which the two each shot at each other. It set off the Battle of Lost River. After a short intense battle, the Anishinabek commenced to head for northern California, which was not very far off. American casualties were 1 killed and 7 wounded. Anishinabe casualties were 2 killed and 3 wounded. The so called Modoc War was on.