Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

August 18, 1862 Battle of Lower Sioux Agency

This battle was a part of Mullan Road War. War commenced in 1855 in Washington at Battle of Toppenish Creek. A list of Mullan Road War battles is above. American goals were to improve an old Ojibway Road between Minneapolis, Minnesota and Pacific Ocean and to liberate Red River Colony from Ojibway rule. Isaac Stevens commenced negotiations with Ojibway leaders in Minnesota in 1853. A series of treaties known as Stevens Treaties were signed but not honored by American leaders. War in Washington ended on September 5, 1858 after Battle of Spokane Plains. Ojibway leaders reached an agreement which allowed Americans to improve that old Ojibway Road. However, around 1860 or 1861, Ojibway leaders in Montana, became enraged after learning 10,000s of illegal whites settlers were using Mullan Road to invade southwestern Montana, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. War resumed and expanded to North Dakota and Minnesota. In August of 1862, Ojibway leaders met with American representatives at what is now Grand Forks, North Dakota to negotiate about that old Ojibway Road and that part of Red River Colony located in Minnesota and North Dakota. Ojibway leaders quickly became enraged with hostile American reactions. They abruptly ended negotiations then sent detachments of their brave soldiers to attack whites living in Red River Colony and southern Minnesota. They confined their assaults in southwestern Minnesota which, at that time, was a fringe location. East of Lower Sioux Agency were numerous white settlements. On Monday August 18, 1862 a force of brave Ojibway Soldiers attacked Lower Sioux Agency killing 20 whites. They also commenced launching raids on whites living in that part of Red River Colony in Minnesota and North Dakota. They allowed 47 of their white enemy to escape yet kept captive 10.

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