Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

The December 4, 1860 Battle of Mimbres River

This battle was the first of a series of intense battles between the Anishinabe people of the Arizona-New Mexico-Mexico region and the invading Americans, which occurred between late 1860 and 1861. The whites did not like the Arizona and New Mexico land but the area was close to Mexico and they knew a great many Anishinabe people from not only the Arizona and New Mexico region, but also Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas were fleeing to the north of Mexico. The Apache and Navajo were really an admixture of Anishinabe, the native Pueblo Indians of the region, eastern Indian Tribes, and blacks. On December 4, 1860, a force of 30 American militia (they were really miners) attacked an Apache camp situated along the western shore of the Mimbres River in New Mexico Territory. Apache leader Mangas Coloradas was in the camp at the time of the surprise assault. In fact, he may have been why the whites attacked the camp. In the battle 4 Indians were killed and several others were wounded. It is not known what the American casualties were. At least 13 women and children were captured by the whites. Mangas Coloradas survived and continued the Anishinabe harrasment of the whites and diasporas to the north of Mexico.

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