Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

Battle of Pelee Island March 3, 1838

After the December 14, 1837 Battle of Saint-Eustache, the Anishinabe people in the United States settled down for the long winter. In early March of 1838, more groups of Anishinabe people in the United States (Ohio) resumed their attempts to flee to the north of Canada and possibly Greenland. On March 3, 1838, a battle was fought on Pelee Island which is in Lake Erie, which was used by the Anishinabe people to enter Canada, from probably Ohio. They walked across the frozen lake but their movements were discovered by the whites. White soldiers numbered 126 in this battle, while Anishinabe soldiers numbered over 300 in this battle. Those 300 Anishinabe soldiers broke off from the main group of fleeing Anishinabek, leaving hundreds of other Anishinabe soldiers to defend them, while they went out to confront the whites on Pelee Island. The whites won the battle but many Anishinabe people (probably 5,000 to 10,000) from Ohio, escaped to the north of Canada. White casualties were 5 killed and 25 wounded. Anishinabe casualties were 14 killed and 18 wounded. Another 11 were captured.

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