Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
The September 27, 1861 Battle of Pinos Altos
This battle once again indicates that the so called Confederates were really fighting Indians. It was fought in New Mexico on September 27, 1861. A force of Anishinabe soldiers and their allies, once again resumed their intense war against the invading white settlers who had been drawn into the Arizona-New Mexico region, by the discovery of gold the previous year. Pinos Altos was a town in New Mexico singled out by the Anishinabe military who had been at war against the whites of the Arizona-New Mexico region, off and on, since around 1820, to attack. On the morning of September 27, 1861, over 300 Anishinabe soldiers and their allies, commenced to attack Pinos Altos and a nearby mining camp. Anishinabe soldiers quickly dominated the battle at the mining camp. Many of the unwanted greedy miners, had no choice but to confine themselves in their underground mine. After attacking the fortified town of Pinos Altos, Anishinabe soldiers intensified their assault against the town at around noon but were driven off by the superior weapons of the whites. It was a Confederate victory. Anishinabe casualties were probably near to 30. At least 10 were killed, while the remaining 20 were wounded. White casualties were 12. At least 7 were killed in the battle. Anishinabe military ogimak changed their strategy soon after this defeat. They could not afford to lose so many of their brave soldiers while attacking fortified white settlements.