Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana








The March 1848 Battle of Sand Hollows


After the Battle of Dalles, another force of white volunteers set out for the Walla Walla region, to attempt to recapture the Whitman Mission from the Anishinabe soldiers. On the way to the Walla Walla region, the small white military force of 500 soldiers, got into a battle with Anishinabe soldiers. The battle is known as the Battle of Sand Hollows. Though the whites had the superior weaons, they were not victorious in the battle. White soldiers did shoot and kill one important Anishinabe ogima, and wounded another important Anishinabe ogima, early in the battle. However, Anishinabe soldiers continued on with the battle and inflicted 11 casualties on the white military force. All 11 were wounded. At least 2 Indians were killed in the battle. Anishinabe soldiers were not capable of preventing the whites from reaching the Walla Walla region however. The white military force reached the Whitman Mission region around March 4, 1848, then left to return back to western Oregon, on the 12th of March. White casualties in the expedition to reach the Whitman Mission area, was around 15 killed and wounded. This battle was the last battle of the so called Cayuse War. However, Anishinabe soldiers continued to launch raids from eastern Oregon and eastern Washington, to their lands in western Oregon and western Washington, which were being controlled by the whites. Some of the native non Algonquian Tribes allied with the whites. That did not go well with the Anishinabe Nation. According to white historians, around half the Indian population of central Oregon and central Washington, was killed by the whites using plague warfare. That is what led to the whites successfully establishing their presence in that region.



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