Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

The October 3, 1854 Battle of the Diablo Mountains

This battle was fought in southwest Texas, near the Rio Grande River and Mexico border. American objective was to halt Anishinabe diasporas to the north of Mexico, from the Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas region. From Fort Inge which was located in the south of Texas, a force of 40 American soldiers known as the Mounted Rifles (they had revolvers) under the command of John G. Walker, headed towards the north to the Diablo Mountains. They knew from surveillance that the Anishinabe people were using that region to enter the north of Mexico. On October 3, 1854, the 40 American soldiers used their revolvers to war upon a force of over 200 Anishinabe soldiers (Lipan Apache to white historians) who had a large herd of cattle with them. Anishinabe soldiers were instructed by their commanders to leave their herd of cattle, and retreat away from the better armed white soldiers. Casualties in this battle are not known. However, it was reported that at least 1 American soldier was wounded by an Anishinabe arrow. West Texas and southwest Texas, would be a major battleground for the next two decades as 10,000s of the Anishinabe people, and their Indian and black allies, fled from the Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas region, to the north of Mexico.

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