Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

October 5, 1855 Battle of Toppenish Creek

Historians claim this battle was the first in the so called Yakima War. It was Mullan Road Wars first battle. A list of Mullan Road War battles is above. In early 1853, American leaders authorized an American Army Expedition led by Isaac Ingalls Stevens, to explore a route from Minnesota to Washington State, as well as negotiate with Ojibway leaders about land cessions. Lieutenant John Mullan was among Stevens Expedition which organized for their expedition near St. Paul, Minnesota. He was put in charge of surveying an old Ojibway Road that later was named after him. Lewis and Clark knew about that old Ojibway Road. In 1854, Mullan began to survey but Ojibway leaders thought otherwise. Stevens was already negotiating with Ojibway leaders from Minnesota to Washington. In 1855, those negotiations ended and war followed. Some 600 Ojibway Soldiers and their allies soldiers, assembled just before Friday October 5, 1855, to battle them invading whites who had illicitly signed treaties with native tribes of Oregon and Washington, which illicitly ceded Ojibway controlled land to United States. On Friday October 5, 1855 Ojibway Soldiers attacked a small forse of 84 American Soldiers who were better armed than they. Ojibway Soldiers inflicted 22 casualties on their American enemy. At least 5 American Soldiers were killed in battle. Ojibway casualties were 2 killed and 4 wounded. Location of Battle of Toppenish Creek is on Yakima Reservation where Toppenish Creek flows between Toppenish Creeks mouth and Fort Simcoe State Park.

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