Rocky Boy Tribe
Chippewa Indians of
The December 7, 1855 Battle of Walla Walla
Oregon volunteers were raised to attack a group of Indians in the Walla Walla region who, of course, were Anishinabe. The Anishinabe soldiers in this military campaign may have numbered around 1,000. Reading of the descriptions of the four day battle gives the reader the impression that the Americans were extremely suspicious of some Indians who deliberately surrendered to them, but those Indians probably snitched on the Anishinabe Confederation, or were non Anishinabe. The captured Indians were to lead the American military force to the main group of Anishinabe soldiers, but during the trip to them, they made a decision which offset what they all (including the captured Indians) originally planned on, which included sending for reinforcements, which suggests that the Americans knew that the Indian military force was large.
On the morning of December 7, 1855, the four day battle commenced after the Americans awoke then prepared to give battle to the Indians they had been searching for. For the next four days the Anishinabe soldiers bravely defended themselves against the better armed American soldiers. On December 10, the Indians learned that new American reinforcements arrived to strengthen their military force fighting their brave soldiers, which forced them to agree to flee from the battle with their women and children, north, across the Snake river. This battle was an American victory, but we have been given good reasons to believe that the Anishinabek were betrayed by their own kind. To show their gratification to the Indians they had captured, the Americans killed them. If the Americans used torture to get important information from the captured Indians, it helped their cause. If the Indians were friendly towards the whites and wanted to aid their cause, the Americans didnít have to kill them, but the whites were known for doing that. American casualties during the four day battle were 20 but probably higher, with seven of them killed. Indian casualties were estimated at between 75 and 100 killed, which is probably true, because the whites had superior weapons. An unknown number of Anishinabek were also wounded in the battle.