Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
September 3-5, 1863 Battle of White Stone Hill
A little over a month after Battle of Stoney Lake, Anishinabe ogimak supposedly ended their flight to western North Dakota, and ordered their brave soldiers to again cross Missouri River into eastern (Dickey County, North Dakota) North Dakota. You must remember that Anishinabe Soldiers were supposedly fleeing west of what is now Burleigh County, North Dakota. They supposedly ended up in Dunn County, North Dakota which is where Fort Berthold Reservation is located. Their movements were learned of by Americans who ordered a force of over 1,200 American Soldiers to again invade Anishinabe land in eastern North Dakota. American Soldiers were led by Brigadier General Alfred Sully. Battle of White Stone Hill was fought on Thursday September 3, 1863. It continued until Saturday September 5, 1863. It was a part of Mullan Road War. A list of Mullan Road War battles is above.
After setting off on their military expedition, American Soldiers found remains of recently killed buffalo which means they knew a large number of Anishinabe men were hunting when this massacre happened. Shortly afterwards, an American scout discovered a large fortified Anishinabe village they estimated had over 400 lodges, which could mean as many as 3,000 to 4,000 Indians were living there. American Soldiers attacked their village. Using their howitzers, machine guns, and revolvers American soldiers quickly destroyed their village, killing and wounding an estimated 750 Indians, most of whom, were women and children. American casualties were 72 killed and wounded. In no way was it a first time whites attacked an Indian village while most men were off hunting and it wasn't a last time. This massacre is no very well known. Soon after this battle or on September 21, 1863, Anishinabe ogimak met with American representatives and negotiate about allowing Red River Colony in Minnesota and North Dakota, becoming independant and ceding land in Red River Valley. It's known as October 2, 1863 Old Crossing Treaty which was signed by Pembina and Pillager Ojibway leaders. However, this war continued on further west in western North Dakota and Montana and Wyoming.